1. Jim Fisk- worked with jay Gould - wanted to corner the US gold market and convince the treasury not to release gold so they could have control over the gold market - almost worked- showed corruption of grant presidency - lead to black Friday 2. Jay Gould- an American financier that was partnered with James Fisk in tampering with the railroad stocks for personal profit He, like other railroad kings, controlled the lives of the people more than the president did and pushed the way to cooperation among the kings where they developed techniques such as pooling. 3. Thomas Nast- Newspaper cartoonist who produced satirical cartoons, he invented "Uncle Sam" and came up with the elephant and the donkey for the political parties. He nearly brought down Boss Tweed. 4. Horace Greeley-An American editor of a leading newspaper, a founder of the Republican party, reformer and politician He helped support reform movements and anti-slavery efforts through his New York Tribune newspaper 5. Jay Cookie-private banking house that the Treasury forced to market its bonds; it got 3/8 of 1%; later went bankrupt 6. Roscoe Conkling- A politician from New York who served both as a member of the United States House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate. He was the leader of the Stalwart faction of the Republican Party. Was highly against civil service reforms. Framed for Garfield's murder. 7. James G. Blaine- a U.S. Representative, Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, U.S. Senator from Maine, two-time United States Secretary of State, and champion of the Half-Breeds. He was a dominant Republican leader of the post-Civil War period, obtaining the 1884 Republican nomination, but lost to Democrat Grover Cleveland 8. Samuel Tilden- Democratic candidate for the U.S. presidency in the disputed election of 1876, the most controversial American election of the 19th century. A political reformer, he was a Bourbon Democrat who worked closely with the New York City business community, led the fight against the corruption of Tammany Hall, and fought to keep taxes low 9. Winfield S. Hancock- The democratic candidate for president in 1880 and Civil War hero. He nearly took the national election, as Garfield failed to get a majority, but lost overwhelmingly in the Electoral College 10. Charles J. Guiteau- This man assassinated James Garfield. He was a minor member of Garfield’s campaign staff, Garfield never met the guy. This guy expected political appointment from Garfield, but didn’t get it, so he shot and killed the President. 11. “Ohio Idea”- Proposal by Midwestern Democratic delegates to redeem federal war bonds in greenbacks instead of gold, to keep more money in circulation and interest rates low. 12. The “Bloody Shirt”- An expression used as a vote getting stratagem by the Republicans during the election of 1876 to offset charges of corruption by blaming the Civil War on the Democrats. 13. Tweed Ring- the corrupt part of Tammany Hall in New York City, that Samuel J. Tilden, the reform governor of New York had been instrumental in overthrowing. 14. Credit Mobilier- a joint-stock company organized in 1863 and reorganized in 1867 to build the Union Pacific Railroad. It was involved in a scandal in 1872 in which high government officials were accused of accepting bribes 15. Whiskey Ring- Before they were caught, a group of mostly Republican politicians were able to siphon off millions of dollars in federal taxes on liquor; the scheme involved an extensive network of bribes involving tax collectors, storekeepers, and others. 16. Liberal Republicans- In 1872, Republican reformers, alarmed by the corruption and scandals in the Grant administration, organized this branch of the Republican Party and nominated Horace Greeley for president. They were laissez faire liberals who opposed legislation that benefited any particular group. 17. Resumption Act- required the government to
APUSH Block 1
23 March 2015
Chapter 24 Key Terms and People to Know
1. Wabash, St. Louis & Pacific Railroad Company v. Illinois: decreed that individual states had no power to regulate interstate commerce
2. Interstate Commerce Act: prohibited rebates and pools and required the railroads to publish their rates openly. Forbade unfair discrimination against shippers and outlawed charging more for a short haul than a large one. SET UP ICC to administer and enforce…
2013 APUSH Summer Assignment
Considering Advanced Placement U.S. History?
Your summer assignment focuses on exploring the first two themes you will encounter within the first two chapters of American Pageant.
SHS APUSH Summer assignment descriptions
CORE CONTENT Identifications: Your chapter identifications are simply essential vocabulary terms, people, or events of note. As we progress through the year it is your responsibility to master these identifications. A mastery of…
Ra’Jean Williams 10/2/2014
APUSH Pd. 1
During the times of movement to westward lands, white-Americans also created changes in the environment and people that lived in the society. The Second Great Awakening major was a significant event that engaged individuals in the reforms that occurred in the period of the United Stated internal changes. Along with the changes was the trends of literature works in America due to the fad of English creations of literature…
February 21, 2013
1. Lusitania- A British passenger ship that was sunk by a German U-boat on May 7, 1915. 128 Americans died.
2. Hay-Bunau Varilla Treaty- Treaty signed in 1903 between the United States and panama that allowed the United States to build the Panama Canal. United States leased the 10-mile wide Canal Zone with a down payment of $10 million and an annual payment of $250,000 for ninety-nine years. Occurred shortly after the Panama revolution that gave…
APUSH/ 7th Pd
1. Samuel “Golden Rule” Jones (1846-1904)
* He was mayor of Toledo, Ohio. He lived by the “Golden Rule”, which is; treat others how you want to be treated.
2. Henry Cabot Lodge (1850-1924)
* He was a U.S Senator known for his views on foreign policy. He wanted to declare was and was refused by Pres. Wilson.
3. John “Black Jack” Pershing (1860-1948)
* He was a general during the Spanish-American War and…
AP European History
AP U.S. Government
AP U.S. History
Study Guide: Manifest Destiny, Slavery, and the Coming of the Civil War
1. What justifications for expansion comprised Americans’ belief in manifest destiny?
- Americans were destined by God to expand over entire continent and possible South America
2. Who were the first American settlers in Texas?
Mexicans invited Americans to Texas. Moses and a group of families from Tennessee (known as Austin contingent). Sent over to farm and tend to land.
AP US History B (6)
3 February 2015
APUSH UNIT 10 STUDYGUIDE
1. “Rule of Reason” Anti-Trust laws
In 1911, the Supreme Court ordered the dissolution of the mighty Standard Oil Company, which occurred since it went against the Sherman Anti-Trust act. Court also handed its famous “rule of reason “doctrine where combinations that “unreasonably held trade” were illegal. This caused a huge amount of Ant-Trust laws to be passed. One, which in 1911 took the US Steel Corporation…