The Colonial Era Myths & Misconceptions -N. America not a sparsely populated virgin land, but rather it had millions of inhabitants -N. Americans were not hunters on horseback but rather farmers -First Americans were ones who crossed from Asia to develop many diverse cultures -N. Americans subsist through "primitive ways of living'' when they actually were sophisticated. Native America on Eve of Contact -7-12 million people lived in USA/Canada w/ 350 distinct groups & 250+ different languages w/ their own political structures, kinship sys, economies. -Downfall of these groups was trying to play each other off using the European colonizers -Many N. American groups fought each other --> Conflict led to weakness that let the colonists take them over -After many conflicts, the Iroquois finally decided to make a political alliance with 5 other tribes--> led to Iroquois council (w/ women having roles) --> Model for U.S.'s federal gov. Impact of 1492 - Columbus's Voyage Pos: -reshaping of diets by introduction of vegetation from both worlds -introduction of horses to New World Neg: -Disruption of the ecosystem (overgrazing, weeds) -European diseases wipeout 50-90% of N. American pop. -After decimating the N. American pop., introduction of African slavery -developed modern concept of progress and new ideals of a better future, as well as made Europeans challenge common beliefs -Thomas More + Utopia View of a perfect society w/ no crime, poverty, injustice but justfied taking land from N. Americans and African slave labor Varying Views of America -Some viewed America as an "earthly paradise" due to the simple and free lives lived by natives -Others viewed America as a place of wilderness, human misery, and lack of Christianity -America as land of liberty, liberation, material wealth --> escape from corrupted European life Varying Views of America -Some viewed America as an "earthly paradise" due to the simple and free lives lived by natives -Others viewed America as a place of wilderness, human misery, and lack of Christianity -America as land of liberty, liberation, material wealth --> escape from corrupted European life The Black Legend -Spain's enemies created the "Black Legend" to vilify the Spanish as corrupt and cruel people who enslaved the Indians/stole from them/killed/infected them. -Bartolome de las Casas condemned maltreatment of the Indians. -BL = powerful ideological sanction for English involvement in the New World--> justified seizing Spanish ships for gold, raiding Spanish ports-->strike blows upon Spain's aggressive Catholicism and rescue Indians. Irony is that the English seamen who liberated Indians also bought enslaved Africans to sell to Spanish colonists
APUSH period 7
The Reconstruction Era
During the reconstruction era, white and freed men changed their belief of freedom. Their different yet similar meaning of freedom affected their social, political and economic views. After the civil war, the north and the south continued to have resentments against each other, while each the freed men were being biased by both regions. During this era, the political participation was the “core element of freedom”…
Cold War 1945-1960
Was the Cold War inevitable?
- Following World War 2, the Cold War started in the late 1945's. The Cold War was inevitable due to the tension between the two nations, USA and the USSR. The two super powers of the world following the end of the Second World War. Both the USA and the USSR came out of the war with minimal damage compared to the other world power. Great Britain, France, Italy, and Germany were destroyed and very poor, while USA and…
APUSH/ 7th Pd
1. Samuel “Golden Rule” Jones (1846-1904)
* He was mayor of Toledo, Ohio. He lived by the “Golden Rule”, which is; treat others how you want to be treated.
2. Henry Cabot Lodge (1850-1924)
* He was a U.S Senator known for his views on foreign policy. He wanted to declare was and was refused by Pres. Wilson.
3. John “Black Jack” Pershing (1860-1948)
* He was a general during the Spanish-American War and…
REMEMBER – USE THIS TO ASSIST YOUR OUTLINING NOT AS YOUR ONLY INFORMATION --- YOU STILL MUST READ AND OUTLINE THE CHAPTER BUT MAKE SURE YOU HAVE THIS INFORMATION!
APUSH – McNamara
Ch. 7-9 Study Guide
With the election of 1800, the forging of a new national identity emerges, to a great extent, from Jefferson’s ideas, political conflict, and international turmoil. In this chapter you will see and try to understand the central problem of Jefferson and Madison as the struggle of two idealists forced…
APUSH Midterm Review Sheet:
Multiple Choice/True or False Questions:
Chapter Six – The Empire and Its Colonies 1754 – 1775
America in 1750 (France, Great Britain, Spain), Thomas Hutchinson, The Ohio River Valley, Virginia Land Grant, George Washington, Fort Duquesne, Fort Necessity, Jumonville Glen, The French and Indian War (The Seven Year’s War), The Albany Plan, The Iroquois Nation (Six Nations), Benjamin Franklin, Join or Die, General Braddock, William Pitt, Impressment, The Fall of Quebec…
APUSH II Notes Pg. 488-502
Population increasing significantly even through deaths of Union and Confederate Ranks- over 39 million people in 1870 (which was a gain of 26.6%).
U.S. 3rd largest nation in Western World behind Russia and France.
Corruption, which originated due to Ulysses Grant (good soldier bad politician).
The “Bloody Shirt” Elects Grant
“Good general would make good president”
Grant = most popular northern hero from war.
Citizens from Philly, Washington, and hometown…
IMPORTANT DATES – APUSH
1492 Columbus arrives in the New World
1588 England defeats the Spanish Armada and establishes itself as a world navy power, Roanoke Island
1607 Forming of Jamestown in Virginia
1619 Organization of the first representative assembly in America, the House of Burgesses/
indentured African Americans came to America on a Dutch ship
1620 Mayflower Compact (Pilgrims at Plymouth)
1630 The Puritans sailed with John Winthrop to Massachusetts and establish Boston…
APUSH Period 3
9 March 2015
America During the 1920s
The 1920s was a great time period for America. The world was changing at it was time for America to change as well. There were many aspects of America's society that would undergo change. These aspects included rural and urban life, nativism and immigration laws, labor unrest, crime, music, the liberated women, car and airplane revolutions, and the role of the movies. These changes in American society would shape the…