Essay about APUSH Unit 1 Rd 2 IDs

Submitted By justkidding009
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Unit One Reading 2 IDs Henretta Chapter 3, pp 80­111 Identifications: Briefly define in 2­3 sentences each identification (person, place, event, idea) and explain the significance of each to the time period being studied. 1. Proprietorship ­ Proprietorships were colonies (land) separate from royal control given to English monarchs like the Duke of New York and William Penn who could rule with their own form of government. This was used in the new settlements of New Jersey, New
York, Pennsylvania, and Carolina. This is significant because proprietorships allowed the ruler to govern in a traditional European manner and led to the establishment of the
Church of England and the Fundamental Constitutions of Carolina. 2. Quakers ­ Quakers were an “equality­minded Protestant sect” (Society of Friends) that settled in North Carolina. They were similar to the Puritans in which they wanted to restore Christianity but didn’t agree with Calvinist doctrines the Puritans did. Instead the
Quakers believed that God had given all men and women an “inner light” of grace or understanding. However, they were persecuted in England for refusing to serve in the military or support the Church of England by paying taxes. The Quakers also influenced
William Penn to join them and promote their beliefs that soon attracted many other families to come to Pennsylvania.This is significant because the Quakers focused on gender equality and their beliefs influenced many people outside of England to join their sect. 3. Navigation Acts ­ The Navigation Acts were a set of acts that affected merchants, trading bans, and exported goods. The Navigation Act of 1651 required goods to be carried on ships owned by English merchants. Acts of 1660 and 1663 increased the ban on foreign shipping, required European goods to be imported through England, and export goods only to England. Many colonists violated these acts even though they were backed up under military force. The Massachusetts Bay assembly didn’t agree with the acts which outraged the customs official causing the Lords of Trade to deny
Massachussets their claim to New Hampshire and soon established a separate royal colony. This is significant because the Navigation Acts were made to benefit the colonists but ended up being violated causing more harm than they would have initially being followed. 4. Dominion of New England ­ The Dominion of New England was a new royal province made by King James II that merged Connecticut and Rhode Island with the
Massachusetts Bay and Plymouth. (Then added New York and New Jersey) Soon James had created a colony stretching from Maine to Pennsylvania. As the governor he appointed Edmund Andros, a military officer and ordered him to abolish the legislative assemblies the English set on Catholic Ireland and town meetings in Massachusetts. This is significant because James II took away self­rule from the colonial peoples in America

by imposing his own rule as well as taking away titled land granted by the charter in

5. The Glorious Revolution ­ The Glorious Revolution was a coup where William of
Orange overthrew King James II after he angered so many American colonists and
English political leaders. William of Orange and his wife Queen Mary were part of the
Whig party which ordered them to accept the Declaration of Rights, which created a constitutional monarchy enhancing the powers of the House of Commons. Parliament used John Locke’s philosophy of natural rights and a representative government to justify what they did. This is significant because it shows how powerful and greedy the Whigs were and the influence John Locke’s ideas had then and now. 6. Leisler’s Rebellion ­ The effect of the Glorious Rebellion influenced Jacob Leisler to lead a rebellion against the Dominion of England in New York. Leisler named himself governor of New York and believed that William and Mary