90. Silk Roads: pages 318-324 Theme: Cultural, Social, Economic Trade routes linking diverse people and civilizations on the continent’s outer rim. The silk roads are significant to world history because they were the main center of trade for many years, they also where a way that distant cultures could mingle.
91. Black Death: pages 323-324 Theme: HEI
A disease that traveled along trade routes – specifically, bubonic plague, anthrax or other diseases from China to Europe. The Black Death is significant to world history because it was one the first major epidemic and also because it spread through trade routes (Silk Roads). It killed many people that contributed in trade along the Silk Road.
92. Indian Ocean Trading Network: pages 324-334 Theme: Social, Economic, Cultural This was a route, which relied on seasonal monsoons allowing ships to travel in either direction, to exchange goods such as lumber across the Indian Ocean. The Indian Ocean Trade Network is significant to world history because it revolutionized trade making it faster and easier to move more products at once. Ships were a major impact also; they were able to carry a lot more. 93. Swahili Civilization: pages 333-334 Theme: Social, Economic, Cultural These are people of east Africa with roots in Bantu but influenced by the middle east, Arab, European and Asian cultures. It had its own language and it exported ebony, gold and ivory on the Indian Ocean. The Swahili Civilization is significant to world history because it was a major port city that exported goods on the Indian Ocean Trade Network. The civilization grew because of the Indian Ocean trade. 94. Great Zimbabwe: page 334 Theme: Political, Economic A powerful state in South Africa that had the resources to build large stone enclosures. It also contained large herds of cattle. The Great Zimbabwe is significant to world history because it was one of the first places that had the resources to create large stone buildings. They also had cattle that they traded on the Silk Roads and also on the Indian Ocean Trade Network.
95. Sand Roads: pages 334-337 Theme: Economic, Social, Cultural Another road for trading that spanned across the Sahara linking North Africa and the Mediterranean with West Africa. This greatly impact West Africa’s ability to grow. The Sand Roads are significant to world history because they allowed trade to spread even farther west to West Africa. It is also significant because it made African cities grow to big numbers.
96. Ghana, Mali, Songhay: pages: 335-337 Theme: Political, Economic People of western and central Sudan constructed these states and empires that reached from the Atlantic coast to Lake Chad. All were wealthy due to trans-Saharan trade, and had military at their disposal. These states are significant to world history because they are examples of how trade really made civilizations rich and have big populations. (they show the impact of trade)
97. Trans-Saharan Slave Trade: pages 335-337 Theme: Cultural, Social, Economic A small-scale trade that developed in the 12th century with west African slaves captured in raids being exported across the Sahara for sale mostly as household servants in Islamic North Africa. The Trans-Saharan Slave Trade is significant to world history because it is the first time we see slaves being traded to other peoples. It also shows how trade can be used for many things.
98. Monsoon: page: 326 Theme: HEI Alternating wind currents that blew eastward across the Indian Ocean in the summer and westward during the winter. The Monsoon winds are significant to world history because they are what people used to sail there ships in the Indian Ocean Trade Network.
99. Marco Polo: page 369 Theme: Social Marco Polo followed the Silk Road on his journey to Cathay. Marco Polo is significant to world history because he was the first traveler to trace a route across the whole longitude of Asia.