Essay on APWH Study Guide ch8 13

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Part 3 (Chapters 8­13) Study Guide
Chapter 8
Why were luxuries, rather than necessities, the items that traveled the longest distances along early trade routes?
They paid for the expensive travel and because luxury goods like wine could travel and last a lot longer than necessities like food and meats

Compare the reasons for the development and growth of Indian Ocean trade with the reasons for
Silk Road trade development/growth
Bulk goods couldn’t be carried on the Silk Road, faster to transport, was safer and needed no protection from thieves, and consistent wind pattern to provide easy transportation of boats Compare goods exchanged via Indian Ocean trade with those exchanged via the Silk Road (Do not simply list the goods traded within each network; explain how the types of trade goods compare). Silk Road traded luxury goods and would be exchanged from merchant to merchant over many years to get from one end to the other and Indian Ocean traded bulk goods that went straight from one area to another in afairly quick amount of time

How did monsoon winds impact Indian Ocean trade (think in terms of price, quantity, regularity, etc.)? It made it more predictable, safer, cheaper, and easier causing it’s increase in use

Why were American trade networks of the time period not as active as those in AfroEurasia?
Less people, lesser range and diversity of trade, and difficult terrain and geographical location .
What evidence do historians have of Native Americans’ indirect contact with each other through trade? They found similar artifacts from other cultures Chapter 9

Explain the connection between Song China’s interactions with Vietnam, change in agricultural production, and change in population.
When the agricultural production increases the population can also increase
Explain the connection between infrastructural development and economic prosperity in Tang/Song China. When there is better infrastructure there can be more trade because people can travel with more ease from the upkeep of roads and security of merchants on said roads

Explain how each of the following led to an increase in commercial agriculture and decrease in subsistence agriculture in China: When it is cheap to transport goods more be sold. When the government requires you to pay taxes in cash the goods have to be sold rather then traded. With the growing use of paper money it is easier to sell goods

How/Why did nomadic culture impact the level of patriarchy in the northern Tang Dynasty?
The nomadic people needed everyone to help each other get a job completed, including women, which makes equality between genders

How/Why did changes in the textile industry impact the roles and lives of women in Song
In the textile industry, urban workshops and state factories increasingly took over the skilled tasks of weaving textiles that had previously been the work of rural women . Why did the Chinese and their northern nomadic neighbors often need to cooperate, even if they had a history of conflict?
•The nomadic neighbors saw China as the source of grain, other agricultural products, and luxury goods.
• They also viewed China as a threat, because the Chinese periodically directed their military forces deep into the steppes, built the Great Wall to keep the nomads out, and often proved unwilling to allow pastoral peoples easy access to trading opportunities within China.
• The Chinese saw the nomads as a military threat.
• But they also needed the nomads, whose lands were the source of horses, which were essential to the Chinese military, and of other products, including skins, furs, hides, and amber.
•Also, the nomads controlled much of the Silk Road trading network, which funneled goods from the West into China

Why didn’t steppe nomads usually want to conquer and rule China, even if they were able?
The steppes values their trade…