Arabic Language Course Essay

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Lesson 1 – This is… -

...
4 5 6 7 8 9

Part

1

2

3

Introduction Please read the sentences below. After completing the sentences we shall go over the rules for this lesson. In Part 1 of Lesson 1 we learn how to use the pronoun demonstrative pronoun in grammar). /Hādhā/ is pronounced /alif/. The second word is the noun (object) being referred to, e.g.: which means 'This' (called the but is written without the first means house.

Please click on the words to hear speech, i.e. how the words should be pronounced.

.
This is a book

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This is a mosque

.
This is a door

.
This is a house

Arabic has no word which is equal to the English word "is" which is referred to as a “copula” in grammar. We can see this rule demonstrated above where we see the words for noun/predicate being referred to without any copula. i.e. and the If read literally

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24/03/2010 07:16 ‫م‬

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this sentence would read "This a mosque", however, the word "is" can be implied in this sentence so that it reads "This is a mosque". There is no word in Arabic corresponding to "a" in English as in: "This is a book". The n-sound, i.e. the /tanwīn/ (doubled vowel sign) at the end of the Arabic noun (kitābu-n, baitu-n, masĴidu-n) is the Arabic indefinite article corresponding to the English "a/an". Please click on the button for part 2 below to move onto the next section where we will practice this principle further In-Shā’-Allâh (God-willing).

Part

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

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2 of 2

24/03/2010 07:16 ‫م‬

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Lesson 1 – This is… -

...
4 5 6 7 8 9

Part

1

2

3

Continued...
In-Shā’-Allâh (God-willing), we will continue practicing with some more examples of using the phrase /hādhā/ which means 'This is'.

Please click on the words to hear speech, i.e. how the words should be pronounced.

.
This is a pen.

.
This is a chair.

.
This is a key.

.
1 of 2

.
24/03/2010 07:16 ‫م‬

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This is a bed.

This is a desk.

We have learnt how to say 'This is' using the phrase /hādhā/. Now, we will learn how to say 'What is this?' to ask a question followed by the answers to the questions In-Shā’-Allâh (God-willing). Please click on part 3 below to proceed.

Part

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

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24/03/2010 07:16 ‫م‬

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