Are prisons effective total institutions or do they more commonly fail in their goal of resocialization? Please compare and contrast how a conflict, a functionalist or an interactionist theorist would answer this question. Finally offer your opinion
The present paper aims to discuss the role of prisons in the resocialization of the people kept in the incarcerated after their turned out to be guilty of committing some offence and the announcement of sentence against them from the court of law. The study will be conducted in the light of Conflict, Structural functional and Interactionsit perspectives in order to define and determine the role played by prisons in the rehabilitation of the offenders.
It is a fact beyond
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On the other hand, functionalist attribute the society as a structure, where functioning of its different organs decides the future of the entire structure (Turner, 1978:11-2). Since prison is also an essential part of society, activities of its members, including administration and prisoners, is vital for the proper functioning of the system. Somehow, nature of the relationship between the prisons personnel and criminals is of master and slave, which keeps both the parties in conflict with one another. The prisons officers introduce sessions and impose restrictions of various types on the prisoners, which are aptly attempted to be turned down on the part of the prisoners. Consequently, the jail administration deprives the prisoners of some facilities with the aim of keeping them under their control. Such a situation is rejected by the prisoners, which develop the feelings of hatred and malice for the personnel, and are determined to take revenge from them, weak prisoners and society as well after their imprisonment duration is over. Hence, the conflict is evident between the prisoners and jail management, which contains bleak chances of any resocialization of the criminals during their remaining incarcerated in prisons (Pritikin, 2009:1050).
While elaborating the interactionist theory, the perspective maintains that man’s interaction with his social and physical environment determines his action, reaction and individual and