Aret: Abstract Expressionism and Analytic Cubism Essay

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Art History Final Chapter 31 & 32
Chapter 31 KEYWORDS
Fauvism: a movement in painting with vivid colors, free treatment of form, and a resulting vibrant and decorative effect (Matisse)
Primitivism: western art movement that borrows visual forms from non-western or prehistoric peoples
Synthetic Cubism: grew from analytic cubism, (Picasso, Braque) Used collages, fragments of pieces; integrated signs and fragments of real things
De Stijl: dutch for “the style” (1917-1931) advocated pure abstraction and universality by a reduction to the essentials of form and color, only primary colors (& black and white)
Utilitarian (functional) Art: useful rather than beautiful (Earney)
Socialist Realism: style of realistic art that developed in soviet union, supported by Avant-guard (after Bolesvich rev.) supposed to make people think of universal response. Stalin did not support.
Degenerate Art Exhibition 1937: organized by Hitler showing 650 pieces of confiscated art, was staged in counterpoint to the concurrent Great German Art Exhibition
Works Progress Administration (WPA): largest and most ambitious New Deal agency, employed millions of unemployed people to carry out public works projects, employed many artists etc.
Abstract Expressionism: American post-WWII movement, (NY 1940s), large blocks of color, (Jackson Pollock)
Carl Jung: expressed himself through dreams
German Expressionism:
Analytic Cubism: developed by Picasso& Braque specific shapes and characteristic details that represent the whole object
Vladimir Lenin: leader of Bolshevik Communist Party
Clement Greenberg: promoted abstract expressionist movement and praised Pollock
Der Blaue Reiter: (1911-1914) fundamental to expressionism, spirituality, abstract expressionism; liberated color, evokes specific feeling
Passage: the blending over overlapping planes into one another, analytic cubism, (Picasso)
Italian Futurism: movement, speed, technology, energy, all masculine, time lapse photography and analytic cubism
Bolsheviks: supported avant-garde artists
Readymades: everyday objects selected and designated as art (coined by Duchamp)
Surrealism: aim was to “resolve the previously contradictory conditions of dream and reality” illogical scenes with photographic precision, allowed unconscious to express itself
Harlem Renaissance: called for greater social and political activism among AAs. (Aaron Douglas)
Bauhaus Art: German school that focused on creating utilitarian art and things that could be mass produced, had mutual artist support, closed by Nazi (1934)
Gestural Abstraction or Action Painting: using the gesture of his arm to paint, concerned with motion (Pollock)
Color Field: style of abstract painting (NY 1940-50s) inspired by European modernism and abstract