“Famine, Affluence, and Morality” is an article written in 1971 by Peter Singer, a Professor of Bioethics at Princeton University. In this article, Singer wrote about the lack of effort put forth by society to keep people in developing countries from starving, using the poverty crisis in East Bengal in 1971 as an example. Singer also writes about the moral obligation that society has to prevent and/or alleviate situations such as the East Bengal crisis. Throughout the article, Singer points out that the manner in which the affluent members in society is currently acting is unacceptable and unjustifiable, given the great needs that those in East Bengal had at the time. When Singer wrote the article in 1971, East Bengal was in a state of chaos and subsistence due to constant poverty, natural disaster, and civil war. Singer points out that even countries such as Great Britain and Australia, who had given more money than most other countries to East Bengal, still spent immensely more on projects that seemed of little importance when compared to the number of people dying halfway across the world. This brings him to the main point of the article, which is this: a person should do everything in his or her power to prevent bad things from happening, as long as they are not sacrificing something of comparable moral importance. He makes clear the fact that most of society does not share this same philosophy, or if they do they are surely not adhering to it. Singer than goes on to refute a couple reasons why people may disagree with his stance on the issue. The first counterpoint he brings up is the issue of proximity and distance. Should we do everything in our power to help others, even if they live on the other side of the world? Singer’s answer is a resounding yes. Although being in close proximity to a person may make us more likely to help them, it does not imply that we ought to help them over a person who lives 1,000 miles from us. If we as a society are to treat people with impartiality and equality, Singer says, this argument really holds no weight. In addition, the present age of globalization allows virtually instantaneous communication with people in all parts of the world, as well as ease of travel to get there. Today we are able to be a thousand miles away from a village one day, and standing in it the next. He then addresses the argument that an individual in society is just like millions of others, in regards to the East Bengal issue. Because of this, many argue that our need to help people is not as strong as if we were the only person available to help. Singer refutes this by comparing the East Bengal situation to a child drowning in a lake with many people standing around. The fact that a crowd of people is present does not make an individual any less obliged to help the drowning child than if they were the only person there. After refuting these two arguments, Singer wrestles a bit with the idea of supererogatory acts, or acts that are good to do but not wrong to not do. He argues that in most people’s eyes, refusing to do supererogatory acts is…
Analysis of the Arguments against Intelligent Design
Ayala argues that intelligent design is not a scientific theory. His first premise deals with the fact that scientific theories must be falsifiable, and his second premise deals with the false dichotomy of evolution and intelligent design. While his arguments are logically valid, an objection that could be made about his argument is his definition of intelligent design.
One of the premises of Ayala’s argument is that for a…
October 30, 2013
Changes of Disobedience of Speed limits
As people have we become more and more inpatient with our driving abilities? Are we such in a hurry that it can cause our life to be taken? What if you believed that by keeping the speed limit low it would be easier to avoid getting into an accident or being aware of an accident getting ready to occur? The problem of today’s driving is that people are too comfortable getting…
Distance education or traditional education which has the better argument? Well let’s look at both sides distance education is a wonderful way to go for the person who wants to go back to school who is also employed with a full time job. This person may also have to care for a family as well. Distance education is good for the person who just wants to learn a trade or take a few classes to help with their career, to perhaps try and get a promotion. It is also easier because you can just take your…
States before the age of 16, and living in the United States for at least 5 years. In “What Rights Do Illegal Immigrants have, 2010”, David Bennion, an immigration attorney at Nationalities Service Center in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, states his arguments on why he agrees with the Dream Act: “Dreamers are honor students and athletes. They are aspiring schoolteachers, scientist, scholars, lawyers, doctors and social workers” (2). These undocumented students are people whom Americans as a whole will…
6 Dec. 2012
Why do Some Women Choose Not to Breastfeed?
It’s no secret that a women’s breast are perceived by our society as sexual objects, but that is not what breast were intended to do, at least not all of the time. When a women gets pregnant her breast react to create nourishment for the infant growing inside of her. Once the mother has given birth to the infant a substance called colostrum is released from the breast…
October 12, 2014
Argument Analysis Mod. 7
1.) The following paragraphs contain the fallacy I am analyzing:
“And her bill, like much anti-G.M.O. action, was inspired by distrust of the
seed-producing biotechnology companies, which had backed a state measure to prevent
local governments from regulating their activity.”
“The companies had no corporate presence here on the Big Island, which lacks the large
parcels of land they preferred. Still, Ms. Wille…
Reasons why it is not overrated
Full Sail University
Respect is not overrated
The benefits of respect can be plentiful in everyday life, in the workplace, in the home, in schools, and in politics. (Why respect is overrated) is the title of an article written by Donna Hicks. Donna Hicks, Ph.D., is an associate at the Weatherhead Center for International Affairs at Harvard University. The article http://www.foxnews.com/opinion/2013/02/15/why-respect-is-overrated/ was…
Argument Analysis Essay 2
PHIL 310 Course Outcomes Assessed
2. Relate the importance of basic logical concepts such as validity, soundness and consistency to reasoning practice.
3. Apply analytical and thinking skills through syllogistic, symbolic and informal logic scenarios.
5. Translate, formalize and evaluate simple arguments in categorical and propositional form.
6. Combine theory and practice to communicate logical arguments orally and in written form.
article was interesting; it was consistent with the research, evidence, and teen interviews, it just did not maintain to its main idea.
Lewin, Tamar. “Study Finds Teenagers’ Internet Socializing Isn’t Such a Bad Thing.” Everything’s an Argument with Readings. Eds. Andrea Lunsford, John Ruszkiewicz, and Keith Walters. 5th ed. Bedford/St. Martins, (2010): 676-679. Print.…
food movements argument with a look into the industrialization of corn farming, and its products such as high fructose corn syrup, which have become an unavoidable ingredient in the making, and sustaining, of the cheap food that Americans have come to depend on. Several rhetorical strategies are used in the execution and delivery of Pollan’s article with the use of tone, organization, emotional appeal, logical reference, as well as the use of credible sources to further his argument. In the following…