This text goes over many key features regarding what the three genres of rhetoric are and how to they are to be worked according to Aristotle. “Rhetoric seems to be capable of seeing what is persuasive about any given thing (Saches, 2009, pg.137).” Ethos, pathos and logos are defined as wisdom, virtue and good will. These are all three basic ways to persuade an audience according to Aristotle. Ethos is used to refer to a speaker’s character as it is delivered to the audience. Logos is the character of the speaker or the audience’s emotions they give off. For example “All men are mortal. Socrates is a man. Therefore, Socrates is mortal.” (web.calstatela.edu) Pathos is the emotion of the audience. The emotions angry, pity and fear and the opposites. Joe Sachs taught philosophy and law for thirty years at St John’s University in Annapolis Maryland. With the understanding of Aristotle’s physics, Sachs brings in new work in on Aristotle’s theories. Sachs translates Aristotle with words that comes to stands with concepts in everyday Greek language. Aristotle was an ancient Greek philosopher in Stagira Greece, He was born in 384 BC. Aristotle was set under Plato’s teachings at age seven. Then later on went and founded his own school where he studied teaching and writing his whole life. Aristotle defines rhetoric by being defined as the faculty of discovering in the particular case of available means of persuasion. After the assigned reading the three main ideas Anger, hatred and happiness are three ideas that stuck out to me and I found to be important. The first of my main three main ideas is Anger. Anger is a natural feeling, it reads as response to selfish challenges that is not directed at ones specific self. When people talk about family or any other emotional subject it is usually the whole family who is involved. Being angry at a group of people rather than just one person in that group. The second main idea I found to be important is hatred. Where it is targeted at ones specific self in that group of people you are angry at. In addition, the quote, “Liking someone is a desire for the good of that other person. Hostile things extend beyond anger and include a dislike of general classes of people, such as thieves and informers.” (pg. 124, chp.4) Based off what was done towards you by one’s self you can allow yourself to have hatred towards that person. Hatred in not partaking towards a crowd, and one person you can’t be angry at. Pathos is very similar to anger, when a speaker is speaking towards an audience his goal is to make the audience angry. With the audience being more than just one person. When in reveres the audience can have hatred towards the speaker for his words being presented towards the crowd. The third idea I found to be important is Happiness. “All advice about what is advantageous to a community it aims untimely at the happiness of its citizens (pg.22 Ch. 23)” For example happiness is more of a community. The community cannot be happy unless its citizens are happy. Some significates can be the election of the president. The president tries to fulfil a majority of people’s needs. For example Obama is liberal, but not everyone is liberal. All conservatives may not be happy with him. This makes the world an unhappy place because a majority of the United States population is not happy. On a smaller aspect, if one person in the courtroom is unhappy and everyone else is happy, that courtroom is a happy…
3 February 2015
Response to Nicomachean Ethics by Aristotle
In this piece by Aristotle, he begins by saying that every single act a human does aims
some ‘good’ outcome. This ‘good’ can be considered to be a little arbitrary because it can either
be the end goal, or the means to an end. Aristotle reasoned that we, as humans, cannot approach
situations in the exact same way. He understood that mathematics and sciences could be
approached to a precise end…
out and structure your essays. Obviously, Aristotle gives a lot of arguments for these claims, and so it’s your job in the essays to explain how Aristotle connects his ideas. You don't need to include all of these arguments in your essays, but you’ll need to explain some of them when they apply. Topic 1 pertains to how we cultivate good virtue and topic 2 pertains to the life of pleasure versus the life of virtue, so this guide can help you plan your responses, but merely explaining all the claims below…
philosophers such as Plato, Aristotle And Isaac Newton who all took place in allowing us to see how the our world is composed and its Natural law. They do this through experimentation and improve by looking at previous theories and trying to prove or disprove their understanding of them, which ultimately ends up being the basis for the Scientific method used today.
First Plato was a Greek philosopher who lived around 400 BCE along side Socrates and his student Aristotle applied the fundamentals of…
Aristotle: Ethics and the Virtues
The Goal of Ethics
Aristotle applied the same patient, careful, descriptive approach to his examination of moral philosophy in the Εθικη Νικομαχοι (Nicomachean Ethics). Here he discussed the conditions under which moral responsibility may be ascribed to individual agents, the nature of the virtues and vices involved in moral evaluation, and the methods of achieving happiness in human life. The central issue for Aristotle is the question of character or personality…
at least 50 years after the death of Sophocles. Aristotle was a great admirer of Sophocles’ Oedipus the King, considering it the perfect tragedy, and not surprisingly, his analysis fits that play most perfectly. I shall therefore use this play to illustrate the following major parts of Aristotle's analysis of tragedy as a literary genre.
Tragedy is the “imitation of an action” (mimesis) according to “the law of probability or necessity.” Aristotle indicates that the medium of tragedy is drama,…
an interesting position but I argue that the points brought forth by Kamtekar in response to situationist criticisms are superior, supporting the ideals of virtue ethics on character. I will first explain Aristotle’s views regarding virtue ethics and the criticisms that empirical psychology brings up and attempts to support with the consequences of several situationist experiments discussed by John Doris.
Aristotle is a virtue ethicist who argues that a person’s virtue or vice is a type of characteristic…
tragedies so I did some research on what Aristotle thinks of tragedies.
According to Aristotle, tragedy is a drama that “‘shows’ rather than ‘tells’” (McManus 3). It is better than history because tragedy is about what possibly could happen while history is strictly reporting the truth. Tragedy often-times makes the audience be able to see themselves in the situation of the play. This can instill fear into those watching and make it more of a ride for them. Aristotle came up with six principles that determine…
Sexual Response Cycle
Known for his studies of brain structures and sexual orientation
Brain structures in strait and gay people are different
Researched the nature of human sexual response
Reviewed the neuro-humoral basis of emotional reactions
Defined emotional consciousness
Heart begins pounding as a response to an emotion
wondering about the relationship between logic and philosophy. Obviously – this is not a trivial question. We begin by briefly recalling Michael Dummett’s contribution to the question, then consider the details of Graham Priest’s resuscitation of an Aristotle argument with respect to future contingents [where our interest will be in the justification in the introduction of a new logic to adjudicate the question at hand]. Finally – we will say a brief word about how Luis Estrada-Gonzalez stretches the…
to refer to the power of music to influence its hearer's emotions, behaviours, and even morals. Early Greek stories of Orpheus exhibit this idea in a compelling way. The word's use in rhetoric is closely based on the Greek terminology used by Aristotle in his concept of the three artistic proofs.
1 Etymology and origin
2 Current usage
4 Character in Greek tragedy
5 Character, or ethos, in pictorial narrative
6 See also
8 Further reading