The characteristic of Greek Art is that it mainly produced pottery and sculptures. The phases of Greek art are: Mycenaean Art- occurred from 1550 to 1200 BC on the Greek mainland, Sub-Mycenaean- also called the “Dark Ages” lasted from c. 1100-1025 BC, Proto-Geometric- (c. 1025-900 BC) Pottery was beginning, Geometric Art- (900-700 BC) Decorations involved animals and humans, Archaic Art- (700-480 BC) Began with an Orientalizing Phase (735-650 BC), Creeping into Greek Art, Classical Art- (480-323 BC) was created during a “Golden Age”, it was during this period that human statues became so heroically proportioned, and Hellenistic Art- (323-31 BC) sculptors had mastered carving marble. Skepticism was a large influence on the social philosophy of Greek art, as well as Greek thought. Major painters are Kolotes- a sculptor, Gnosis-mosaics, Apelles-painter.
Apelles, who was flourished 4th century BC. He was of Ionian origin but became a student at the celebrated Dorian school of Sicyon in southern Greece, where he worked under the painter Pamphilus. His works are said to have combined Dorian thoroughness with Ionic grace.
Took places in Early Renaissance (1400-1475 AD), high Renaissance (1475-1525 AD) and Late Renaissance or Mannerism (1525-1600 AD). Characteristics are Naturalism, Individualism; Focus on perspective, Complex formal arrangements, Realism and a sense of emotional expression, and Rendering of light and shadow to create illusion of depth. Renaissance Art was created primarily because rich Italian families, whose businesses were taking off, started patronizing many artists. The behavior of artists changed; they outright rejected the medieval art emphasis on religion and after life, thus starting a revolution in the field of art. Renaissance Humanism is applied to the social philosophy. Leonardo da Vinci-painter (The Last Supper Maria della Grazie). Major painters are Giotto-painter (The Visitation), Masaccio-painter (Tribute Money Bracacci Chapel, Church of Santa Maria del Carmine)
Leonardo da Vinci was born on April 15, 1452, in the town of Vinci. His childhood spent in the Tuscan countryside inspired in him a life-long passion for the observation and depiction of nature. When he was seventeen, he moved to Florence, where his talent for drawing impressed the great master Verrocchio who took him on as a pupil. Leonardo da Vinci worked for such powerful patrons as Ludovico da Sforza, Duke of Milan; Cesare Borgia; Cardinal Giuliano de Medici, brother of Leon X; and for the French king Francois I at Amboise, where he died in 1519. Two of his famous paintings are Mona Lisa, and The Last Supper.
Impressionist painters emphasized new compositional devices such as plunging perspective, cropped forms, and compositions. They characterized on Asymmetrical Balance, Use of Colored Shadows, Use of Pure Color, Broken Color or Broken Brushstrokes, Use of Impasto (think paint), Subject Matter, High Horizontal Line, Photographic Influence, Influence of Japanese Prints, Painted “En Plein Air”.
In 1874, a group of artists got together, because they were frustrated by the rules of composition and subject matter imposed by academic institutions, so they pursue their own ideas. The Impressionists painted everyday scenes from the world we know rather than following traditional religious, historical or mythological subjects.
The social philosophy is pitched towards the republican movement. Claude Monet-painter (Sunrise), Alfred Sisley- painter (Allee of Chestnut Trees), Edouard Manet- painter (Boating) are all major artists of Impressionism art.
Claude Monet was born in Paris in 1840 through his death in Giverny in 1926. When Monet was twenty-two, he joined the Paris studio of the academic history painter Charles Gleyre. Monet enjoyed limited success in these early years, with a handful of