Part one: Sight Passage- Short Story * PPACTS(Plot, Perspective, Atmosphere, Characters, Conflicts, Theme, Setting) * Reveal Charater * Physical Description * What a Character says * What a character does * What other say about this character * How others react to the character * Physical surroundings * Formal Paragraph Writing * Includes Sufficient * Evidence * Details * Examples * Definitions * Explanations to support the topic sentence * Paragraph Response * Being with a topic sentence- this tells the reader what you are going to talk about * Explanation, examples, quotation to support main ideas * Introduce/ integrate the quotation you will be using * Use direct quotation for literature that emphasizes what you are trying to prove. * Quotation is followed by a reference * Give explanation * Concluding sentence- this sums up the whole paragraph * Textual evidence * Evidence from one or more texts * Supports arguments * Provided in quotation format * Embedding Quotations * Short Quotation * Less than 3 lines- usually integrated with sentence * Example- Men are the sole cause of the war. “May God forgive them men brought about this war” (Rhodes 260).
- “...Sentence...”[Space] (Author, Page #).
* Block Quotation * More than 3 lines- separate from sentence * Example- Douglass is particularly blunt in his assessment of “Christian” behaviour in the south:
I assert most unhesitatingly, that the religion of the south is a mere covering for the most horrid crimes – a justifier of the most appalling barbarity, - a sanctifier of the most hateful frauds, - and a dark shelter under, which the darkest foulest, grossest, and most infernal deeds of slaveholders find the strongest protection (Douglass 53)
Part Two: Sight Passage – Poem * Hyperbole: an exaggeration from the truth (I studied for thousands of years!) * Metaphor: a comparison between to seemingly unlike thins without using comparative words * Simile: a comparison between two seemingly unlike things using comparison words – like, as or than * Personification: when inanimate objects are attributed with human qualities * Symbolism: the use of symbols to describe something * Imagery: a picture created by the author using concrete details which gives the reader a vivid impression of what or who is being described – appeals to the five senses * Onomatopoeia: a word that imitates the sound it represents (splash, gush) * Rhyme Scheme: a pattern in which the last word in a phrase rhymes(a, b, a, b, c, d, c, d) * Retell: briefly summarise * Relate: relate to personal life and life experiences * Reflect: how is the content universal – how does it connect to word issues etc.
Section Three: Short Answer- Romeo and Juliet * Quote Identification- speaker and situation * Example: Who says the quote, Who is the speaker talking to, content * Significance of Quotes * Reveal character * Give background information * Establish setting * Present contrast in character * Develop pathos or catharsis * Foreshadow upcoming events * Advance or complicate the plot * Create suspence or establish a mood * Establish relationship between characters * Provide comic relief * Utilize literary devices * Reveal theme * Irony: the opposite of what is meant or expected.