Asian History Midterm Essay

Submitted By kiwikyle
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Pages: 4

Asian History Midterm
1. Geographic determinism is the key factor in the civilization's development
2. The chief Indus Valley food crop was wheat
3. Cotton weaving probably began in the Indus Valley
4. Indus Valley civilization traded with Sumar (Iraq)
5. The Aryans invaded India from South Central Asia (Iran)
6. Aryan civilization was centered in Northern India
7. The language of the Vedic period was Sanskrit
8. By 500BCE, the center of Indian civilization had shifted to the Ganges Valley
9. The first detailed reports of Vedic culture came from the Greeks of Alexander the Great's army
10. The founder of the Mauryan Dynasty (of India) was Chandragupta Maurya
11. During the later part of Ashoka's life, he devoted himself largely to spreading to Buddhism
12. After Ashoka's death, that of the Kushans replaced the Mauryan Dynasty
13. Kushan art was greatly influenced by Greek culture
14. The Guptan Dynasty returns Indian people to their Hindu roots
15. The chief crop of Shang China was millet
16. The culture of Shang China is best known for its bronze work
17. Sub Periods: Warring States Period 475-221BCE, introduced technological explosion
18. By the 200s BCE, the crossbow was well developed with bronze trigger mechanisms and used extensively throughout China
19. Sun Tzu's "Art of War" emphasizes rational self-control, influenced by Daoist teachings
20. Construction of the Great Wall project consolidated by Qin; "The Great Graveyard" 1 million people
21. Qin rule could be recognized as authoritarian
22. The Han Dynasty adopted ideas of Confucius to replace the authoritarianism of the Qin
23. The Han Dynasty Silk Road was a route connecting China with Middle East and ultimately Europe was the Silk Road
24. Four hundred years after the fall of the Han Dynasty, China was reunited by the short-lived Sui Dynasty
25. Tang China emerged as one of the greatest empires in the medieval world
26. The Tang Dynasty stretched from Iran to Korea
27. Probably the largest wholly planned city ever built was Chang'an
28. Education, and the civil service examination became central to the Song Dynasty
29. Song philosophers rediscovered the practical use of history
30. The Southern Song carried on trade with the rest of Asia by means of maritime shipping
31. The leader of the Mongol invasion of Southern China was Chinghis Khan
32. The Mongols achieved military success through brute force, psychological intimidation, and diplomacy with Westerners
33. One Westerner who visited Hangzhou China shortly after the fall of the Southern Song was Marco Polo
34. Nara period Japan borrowed much of its culture from Tang China
35. Japanese culture during the Heian flourished as it never had before; thus called "Classical Japan"
36. Shogun was a military leader of Japan
37. The Ashikaga Shogunate saw the full flowering of Samurai culture
38. The way to gain self-knowledge is through meditation which is what the word "Zen" means
39. The mad plans to invade Korea ended with Hideyoshi's sudden death in 1598
40. In the struggle between the states of ancient Korea, the ultimate winner was Silla, which was able to take control of much of the peninsula
41. After being conquered by the Mongols, Korea eventually gained its freedom under the leadership if the Yi Dynasty
42. The Yi government followed the pattern established by Tang China in economic, agricultural, and civil service