Many sociologist in particular would tend to agree with the generalisation that working-class underachievement in education is the result of home circumstances and family background. They may feel that this educational underachievement is maintained due to what they classify as ‘poor’ parental attitudes and encouragement towards the education system and its functions. They use evidence of poor parental interest with regards to lack of attendance at parent teacher meetings and other functions held by the school which would be in the best interests of the children if their parents attended. This highlights the fact that parents of working-class students have poor rates of attendance at these meetings and thus it comes across as if they are less interested in their child’s educational experiences and opportunities compared to a middle-class child’s parents who do attend although, this may be due to the fact they are more likely to be single parents and therefore have to work longer shifts or unusual hours. However some would say that this view is rather controversial in that they fail to recognise that many of these parents could be at work when these meetings are scheduled or perhaps they are looking after children and are unable to find or afford someone to look after them. So can we really say that working class underachievement is a result of home circumstances and family background as sociologists suggest. Newson and Newson would also agree with the statement that working-class underachievement in education is the result of home circumstances and family background. Through their study of child-rearing practices, they found that parental skills found within working-class families were poor in comparison with those that were evident within middle-class families were child-centeredness is apparent. They found that middle-class parents got more involved in learning through play, monitoring educational progress and encouragement through visits to the library, museums and galleries etc. They believe that this places middle-class kids at an advantage when it comes around the time for them to start school. Again it is possible to say that it may well perhaps be down to the fact that money may be restricting them from attending museums etc not the fact that they simply don’t care as much as middle-class parents as some sociologists appear to highlight. Many other sociologists would agree and pinpoint parents and the quality of home life to blame for working-class underachievement within the education system. Murray and Marsland argue that the so called ‘underclass’ is made up of parents who are afraid of work, are more of ten than not welfare dependant and according to them they are ‘inadequate’ in terms of transmitting positive values and norms to their children during the process of primary socialisation regarding education and the opportunities it may offer them in the future. Murray and Marsland can be criticised for making very general assumptions regarding working-class families and how they operate with regards to the education system. They fail to acknowledge that many parents from working-class families do work and moreover have high levels of double jobs in order to be able to support their family. Many of them are also not welfare dependant and either work or take care of the children at home. So is it fair to say for Murray and Marsland to say that they are inadequately preparing children for education? Many of them actually encourage their children to work at school as they are aware of the opportunities it will open for them and inform them on what they have previously missed out on. So is it really fair to make comparisons to middle-class families who find it easier to provide these educational resources and then blame working-class families because they find it difficult to live up to middle-class standards? The feminist sociologist Melanie Philips would also agree with this statement. She states that…
Internal/ External Factors of the Hershey Company
November 11, 2014
John J. O’Brien
The four functions of management are planning, organizing, leading, and controlling. There are a numerous amount of factors that impact these four functions of management. The internal and external factors include: globalization, technology, innovation, diversity, and ethics.
Internal/ External Factors of the Hershey Company
The Hershey Company has seen a decline…
How does social class affect educational
Explain what factors IN school and OUTSIDE
of school contribute to educational
achievement based on class
Working class pupils in general achieve less than
middle-class pupils in education.
W/C less likely to get 5 A*-C
W/C less likely to go to university
Why is he more likely to fail his
education than him?
Assess the view that working class children under-achieve because they are culturally deprived. (24 marks)
Cultural deprivation has many different aspects including lack of linguistic skills and lack of educational experience. Many suggest that due to working-class children are ‘culturally deprived’ compared to middle class children due to them having more access to things such as classical music, educational holidays or trips and literature.
Bourdieu (1984) uses the term cultural capital to refer…
Assess the reasons why Mussolini was appointed Prime Minister in 1922
There was a huge change in Mussolini’s political fortune from 1919 – 22. He basically went from being a political zero to a national hero, with four main factors playing a role; Mussolini and his talents, the appeal, support and actions from fascists, political issues in regards to failings and economic issues. These factors can be short term, relating to the march of Rome and the days leading up to his appointment on the 30th…
PGCE (Post Compulsory Education) Year 1
Planning and Preparing for Teaching and Learning
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Unit One- Planning, Preparing for Teaching and Learning
Introduction………………………………………………………………………………… 1.1- UNDERSTANDING OWN ROLE AND RESPONSIBILITIES IN LIFELONG LEARNING1.2- UNDERSTANDING THE RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN TEACHERS AND OTHER PROFESSIONALS IN LIFELONG LEARNING1.3- UNDERSTANDING OWN RESPONSIBILITY FOR MAINTAINING A SAFE AND SUPPORTIVE…
from Item A and elsewhere, asses the view that social class differences in educational achievement are the result of school processes such as labelling.
It is thought that working class children are treated differently in school to what middle class children are, this is because teachers tend to favour students that are going to do well in their studies and due to cultural and material deprivation working class children tend to under achieve. Teachers tend to label students very quickly after meeting…
Studies) TAS Practical Classroom
As a Technology and Applied Studies teacher I spend a lot of time with students completing projects in a practical based classroom setting. This presents many issues in terms of managing the learning environment.
Ensuring safety and safe use of equipment
Ensuring safety and safe use of equipment is one of the most important considerations, for both me and my students. As a teacher you must have knowledge of the general safety guidelines. A sound knowledge of how to…
The four functions of management are the planning stage, organizing, leading, and controlling. Internal and external factors affect these management functions in every company. Some internal and external factors that influence these management functions are globalization, technology, innovation, diversity, and ethics.
AOS is a small family run company that provides refurbished Herman Miller cubicles and new and used office furniture. Until recently the owner has focused her time in organizing and…
the learning of their students with a learning disability. It examines the role of the parents and how they help and sometimes do not help when it comes to their child’s learning disability. It also examines the role of the school board and how they help with this important issue. It is important to realize that no one is at fault for this, but more so, solutions need to be found for this growing problem in elementary and secondary schools.
Education and Learning Disabilities:…
External and internal factors come in many forms that can impact a business in different ways. Assessing external and internal factors that an organization may face can be vital to the planning function of management. As with any organization, there are always four functions of management. These functions are planning, organizing, leading, and controlling (Bateman & Snell, 2009, p. 19). Within the organization, Best Buy, which is known to be an electronics store…