To: Assessor Mrs. Cykowski.
1.1 Describe the expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth -19 years old.
b) Communication and intellectual
c) Social, emotional and behavioural
Type of evidence: MOW (My own words).
Based on my resources online, I came with a conclusion that all children and even young adult develop differently.
My daughter for instant at the age of 11 months, she skipped the crawling bit and went straight from sitting down to walk.
But in most cases the physical development in many children are as follow: From head to toe. Beginning at the top of the body and gradually moving downwards
From inner to outer. Firstly gaining control of muscles close to the trunk/head and then moving outwards so the large muscles in the shoulders and upper arms/thighs are first and the extremities last. Basically they use more arms to get around.
From simple to complex; children progress from simple words to complex sentences like mum , they tend to copy you after moving your head saying yes and saying no.
From general to specific; emotional responses involve the whole body in young babies but may involve only the face in an older child.
Most babies will roll side ways at the age of 5 and 8 months
There are 3 areas that are part of a child or young person’s development and these are: social, emotional, intellectual, physical and language, intellectual and cognitive.
Going by stages from 0 to 19 years old I’ve found the following article online: https://gladysbriggs.wordpress.com/2012/11/14/cyp-3-1-essay/ I have added some words to it based on my own experience.
0 – 3 Years
Physical development at this stage is usually very rapid. At birth babies depend on reflexes for movements to enable them feed or grasp whenever they touch something. By age one; they have much more control over their bodies. They are beginning to crawl, shuffle, pulling or pushing on things to stand etc.
Between 1 and 2 years walking will begin and toys will be pulled or pushed along whilst walking.
They enjoy trying to feed themselves with finger foods. Waving goodbye becomes fun they will begin to point to what they want and shake their head to mean ‘no’.
Between the ages of 2 and 3 mark making on paper will progress to scribbles as they begin to use pencils etc. Balls start to be kicked and thrown. Bricks will be built into larger towers than before, and they will start to experiment with liquids in play by pouring.
3 – 7 Years
At 3 years children begin to gain more independence. Their mobility and climbing skills will be advancing as they run, jump, catch, walk up and down stairs etc. Dexterity increases with small objects like puzzles, threading beads etc. Dressing and undressing will be assisted but more cooperative.
They will be developing their gross and fine motor skills: Running, Jumping, Catching, throwing and aiming, building, climbing, pedalling, use of scissors (cutting), holding a pencil to draw and colour ,threading small beads sewing stitches etc.
They will have more pencil control and will begin to copy letters and shapes, and draw people.
Ball games will develop more structure as they begin to kick with aim. They will begin to learn to hop on one foot, then the other and also to skip.
They are able to dress themselves up, do and undo buttons and zips etc. Writing becomes more fluent as copying letter shapes has progressed to words and sentences with greater pencil control.
Confidence has increased when playing outside in climbing, jumping from heights and riding a bike.
At 7 years children begin to enjoy playing team games as they are now hitting a ball, running, jumping, skipping, swinging.
7 – 12 Years
They grow taller and thinner, losing their baby teeth. They may begin to have hobbies and interest which means they are more practised in some areas e.g. football, singing, dancing etc. Girls begin to show the early signs of puberty.
12 – 16 Years…