Name: Kelly Halls
Student Number: UK87971
Address: 17 Headford Avenue, St George, Bristol
Postcode: BS5 8PD
Course: Supporting Teaching and Learning in Schools (CACHE)
Assignment Number: 1
Date Submitted: 24th August 2014
Number of pages: 6
Kelly Halls/ UK87971/ Page 1
Summarise the main development of a child from the age range 0-2 years, 3-5 years and 5-8 years.
Physical Development is an important area and a child will develop many skills naturally as they get older.
A child aged 0-2 years has a fast physical development in their first year; they will start lifting their head and will start making grasping movements with their hands. From 3 months they will start to grasp objects and start putting them in their mouths. Their muscles will become stronger and they will start to crawl, roll and sit. By the time they turn a year old they are likely to be mobile and will be crawling or walking. The child will become very mobile when the child turns two and they will start to learn to feed and dress themselves.
A child aged 3-5 years will be a lot more confident with running, going up and down stairs and jumping from low heights. They will be able to control pencils and crayons and start cutting, writing and drawing. When the child reaches four they will be able to kick, throw a ball, ride a small trike/bike and go onto master a variety of other equipment as their physical ability changes greatly.
A child 5-8 years will continue to grow and develop and will refine a lot of their skills and will be able to ride a bike without stabilisers and have more confidence to jump from heights. Once they turn eight they will be willing to try new things as their physical development and confidence improves.
Intellectual Development will depend on the child’s experiences and the opportunities they are given. They will learn in various ways due to their strengths and abilities.
A child 0-2 years will enjoy repetitive activities so they are able to know the outcome and will start to point and identify different objects and recognise colours. At the age of 2 hey will enjoy pretend play and may start to talk to an imaginary friend.
A child age 3-5 years will be able to control a pencil and paint brush more easily and will start cutting paper with scissors as their concentration develops. The child will be become more skilled at numbers and writing. From the age of 4 their drawings will be more recognisable.
A child 5-8 years will start to read and write more independently, their maths and reading skills would have developed ad they will start to develop ideas about activities or things they like to do.
Kelly Halls/ UK87971/ Page 2
Language Development the child needs support from adults to encourage and promote language development.
A child 0-2 years, from birth they will be able to express themselves through crying, gurgling or cooing. Babies will enjoy listening to sounds around them and enjoy songs and games. They will start to laugh from 3-6 months and will copy sounds that they recognise. From a year old they will be able to say basic words and when they reach 2 years of age they will learn to talk much more and will try to join in on conversations.
A child 3-5 years will be able to speak in sentences and will enjoy listening to rhymes, stories and singing songs. They will become confident speakers and will begin to understand the meaning of words.
A child 5-8 years will have a much wider vocabulary and will start to describe things more accurately and more confidently. They will give opposites, recognise similarities and develop their own thoughts and preferences.
Social and Emotional Development is important as the child needs to learn to have the confidence to become independent as they grow up.
A child 0-2 years, from 5-6 weeks they will start to