ACAP Student ID: 227899
Name: Rebecca Heterick
Course: Diploma of Counselling
Unit/Module: Counselling Theories
Educator: Sue Webster
Assessment Name: Case Study
Assessment Number: 2
Term & Year: Term 1, 2015
Word Count: 1203
I declare that this assessment is my own work, based on my own personal research/study. I also declare that this assessment, nor parts of it, has not been previously submitted for any other unit/module or course, and that I have not copied in part or whole or otherwise plagiarised the work of another student and/or persons. I have read the ACAP Student Plagiarism and Academic Misconduct Policy and understand its implications.
I also declare, if this is a practical skills assessment, that a Client/Interviewee Consent Form has been read and signed by both parties, and where applicable parental consent has been obtained.
1. The concept of nature versus nurture could help Jarrod understand his personal history by allowing him to understand that your environment can affect who you are. He grew up in an environment where he had to look after himself and never had a positive role model in his life. His drug use could be attributed to this because he never had a parent or authority figure to tell him not to use drugs or basically what is and isn’t socially acceptable.
With the opposite side of the argument, by explain to Jarrod that some things are hard-wired into his genetics and he has no control over them, for example, his looks. I believe that the environment has a bigger impact to Jarrod than genetics does, so I would focus on how his environment growing up affected him.
However, the entire concept of nature versus nurture could allow Jarrod to understand somethings he can’t control, they are genetics, and other things he can control and he can change about himself.
2. Freudian’s theory of id, ego and superego could help me understand Jarrod because it explains to me that Jarrod is using mostly his id. This is because growing up Jarrod simply focused on getting his food and warmth himself, since his parents were never home to look after him. He also never had a family environment and influence to teach his ego and superego what was right and wrong.
Getting into his teen years, he started to use drugs which affected his cognitive behaviour therefore affecting his ego and superego. At this point in his life, his ego and superego were basically non-existent.
Now that Jarrod is off the drugs and in a positive environment, he is able to see that his lifestyle choices growing up were not socially acceptable or healthy for him and his ego and superego are able to become more dominant now he is off the drugs.
3. By using Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs in relation to Jarrod, I could determine where he is getting his needs from and what needs I have to focus on. Jarrod is obtaining the ‘Physiological and Safety Needs’ from the Youth Centre. He is moving onto the ‘Belongingness and Love Needs’ with his relationship with Tim. So I would focus on his ‘Esteem Needs’ by finding out his hobbies and giving him small tasks to complete in his life to give him a sense of accomplishment.
The ultimate goal for Jarrod would be ‘Self-Actualization Needs’ but few actually obtain Self-Actualization so I would more focus on his ‘Esteem Needs’.
4. By using Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development, I could understand how Jarrod’s cognitive development has been affected and now I must approach and work with him. During his Sensorimotor Stage (Birth – 18 Months) we don’t have much information about Jarrod and his family, so without talking to his parents, we wouldn’t be able to understand what happened during this period.
During the Preoperational Stage (18 months – 6 years) Jarrod should have been starting to understand other’s point of view and the ability to classify objects, however, Jarrod had no parents to teach him these simple tasks, to