1. Hot Water Burn
Your mother boiled water to make tea but accidently spilt it on her arm.
This relevant to my family because my parents have tea every day.
If the burn is red swelling and tender then it doesn’t need professional medical attention but if it is rough and blistery then you should seek medical attention immediately.
How to treat scalds
Pour cold water over the scalded area to cool the skin and dissipate the heat. You may use a cup, a tap or even a bowl of cool water. Cool the affected area with water for at least 10 minutes and continue until the pain subsides.
Look at the burn to determine its severity. Superficial burns are characterized by redness, swelling and tenderness, and do not require a trip to the hospital.
Call for help if the victim is unresponsive, in shock or if there are additional injuries. If the skin looks raw and blisters form, medical attention should be sought immediately. Seek medical attention if the damage is more than 1% of a person's mass, or roughly the size of one hand.
Remove any clothing or jewelry near the affected area before the skin begins to swell. Remove rings immediately if the hand is scalded. If jewelry or clothing sticks to the skin, do not force it off, St. John Ambulance of London warns.
Pat the skin dry rather than using a rubbing motion to prevent tissue damage. Avoid applying any ointments, creams or antibiotics to a burn until they are prescribed by a physician. These can carry heat deeper into the layers of skin, causing more damage.
Wrap the area loosely with gauze to protect the delicate tissue from further damage and infection. The gauze should be loose so that circulation is not restricted. A cold compress held on top of the gauze can relieve pain and reduce swelling. During recuperation, the gauze should be changed at least once daily.
You will need a tap with running cold water.
000 is the Australian emergency phone number this will be helpful.
2. Asthma Attack
Your friend who has asthma is at your house and he breaths in some dust and begins to have an asthma attack.
This is relevant to my family because my friend come over every weekend.
If they look in shock or are gasping for air thy probably having an asthma attack.
How to help someone who is having an asthma attack
Stay calm and be reassuring. Help your friend relax. If someone who is having a flare-up panics, it can make it even harder to breathe.
Take your friend away from any possible asthma triggers, such as smoke.
Have your friend sit upright. Lying down might make breathing more difficult.
If your friend can talk, ask what his or her asthma action plan says to do during an attack. If your friend is able to tell you, follow the plan.
If your friend can't speak or doesn't remember what to do, ask if he or she has an inhaler to use during attack. If so, get the inhaler and use it five times with short intervals.
You will need an asthma puffer.
000 is a helpful phone number.
You are having dinner and one of your family members cuts themselves with a knife.
If they are bleeding they have probably cut themselves.
How to treat cuts
Get a washcloth, towel, or a very thick napkin and apply as much pressure as you can to the cut until bleeding stops.
Pour some hydrogen peroxide on a cotton swab or napkin and gently dab the cut. Do this carefully so that you get enough peroxide on, but you have to do it gently to reduce sting.
Get a big enough bandage for the cut and put some antibacterial cream on the pad of the bandage. You will need about the size of the dime, and you can spread it around with a cotton swab.
Tightly press the bandage on. Be very careful that you do not get the sticky part on the cut because it will sting and it can allow bacteria to enter the cut. You do not want any