At the Congress of Vienna it was evident that Germany was far from being a coherent political nation Essay

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At the Congress of Vienna it was evident that Germany was far from being a coherent political nation. Several fundamental changes such as the diet and the domination of Vienna prompted the creation of three different groups : nationalists, liberalists and radicals who all favoured a future political change: unity within the German Confederation and the overthrowing of the Austrian Domination. Despite this, Metternich, and countries such as France, Austria and Prussia all were opposed to any political change that could in any way lessen their power. As a result Metternich tried in every way to throw down nationalism by enacting a system of repression, called the “Metternich System” within the confederation. Additionally, members of Germany’s aristocratic community feared Germany’s unification as it would mean a removal of their small states into a bigger Germany. Another power that disliked the idea of German Unification at the time was the Catholic change, as it feared the spread of Protestantism throughout the world. During the congress of Vienna it was obvious that Germany was not being a coherent political nation. Numerous changes such as the diet and the domination of Vienna encouraged the creation of three different groups: nationalists, liberalists and radicals who all favoured a future political change: harmony in the German confederation and in the overthrowing of the Austrian domination. Despite this fact many countries such as France, Austria and Prussia were against any changes that could reduce their power. Consequently Metternich tried in every way possible to throw down nationalism endorsing a system of tyranny it was called: “Metternich System”. In addition, the member of the German aristocracy community were afraid of German unification because it would lessen their power. The catholic church was another power that did not like the idea of German unification because it could of spread protestanism through out the world.

The ideal of nationalism emerged in Germany after the war resistance to Napoleon. The German people realised that they had a language, traditions, history and hatred towards the French to share in common; this caused them to demand for a political change in the nation. Their nationalists movements were shown by the composition of patriotic songs such as “Deutschland” and “Deutschland uber Alles” after increased anger arose in the nation because of France’s threat to take the land on the west bank of the River Rhine. Artists such as Mozart argued that German Language operas should prevail foreign countries’ influence in tradition. Herder and Hegel, as Mozart, aimed in spreading nationalism through the Arts. Hegel spread the idea that the loyalty to the state was the highest form of service and that the modern nation state was the highest form of human activity. Addtionally, Herder nowadays might be regarded as one of the most noted, and first spokesman for nationalism. He argued that that a nation is a representation of a unique culture and quoted that “one nation, is an extended family with one national character.” Herder’s ideas suggested the demand for unity. The nationalism emerged in Germany because of the war resistance to napoleon. Germans realised that they had so much in commom as the language, history traditions and the hate towards the French people. This initiated them to start asking for a political change. There patriotism was shown bu the composition of famous German s song such as: Deutschland uber Alles. After the French threatened them to take German land next to the river Rhine. Famous artist as Mozart claimed that the German language opera s should prevail different countries to influence their own tradition. Herder, Hemel and Mozart were aiming at spreading nationalism through art. Hegel said that the idea of loyalty to the state was one of the highest form of services and that the modern nation state was the highest form of human activity. Moreover, herder on