Acropolis,which located in central Athens acropolis hill, is the most outstanding ancient Greek buildings. Greek for “Acropolis” means “high city” or “Takaoka on the city-state.” As a representative work of ancient Greek architecture, Acropolis of Athens has reached the highest level of sacred buildings, temples, orders and sculptures in ancient Greece. These ancient buildings can be rated as the heritage of mankind and architectural masterpiece, and hold an important position in architecture history. Acropolis, including four greatest ancient Greek art masterpieces—Parthenon Temple, the Propylaea, the Erechtheum and Temple of Athena Nike, is considered to be a symbol of the world’s traditional concepts. Due to the history, there are many Parthenon marbles which they removed from the temple and transported to England in the British museum. Many people require England to return sculptures while others do not want to. It is a controversy topic and different people have very different opinions. In my point of view, returning is necessary because cultural treasures from ancient civilizations belong in the places they come from. Also, the cultural importance of the marbles are very strong, not only do they possess the power to almost unlock the past of ancient Greece but as well they have the power to unite the local Citizens of Greece to their true heritage. The Acropolis is used to prevent foreign invasion of the fortress, surrounded by the walled hilltop, site of the ancient Acropolis hill in the south. In 5th century BC, during the period of democratic politics ruled by Athens slave owners, the Acropolis became the religious center of the State. Since Greece defeated Persian’s invasion by joint efforts of several other city-states, it was viewed as a national symbol. Upon every religious festival or national celebration, citizens lined up the mountain for ritual activities. The most important monuments on the Acropolis, which mentioned before, are Parthenon Temple, the Propylaea, the Erechtheum and Temple of Athena Nike. Parthenon is a perfect temple located on the Acropolis. It has become the most important building in classical Greece, generally considered to be the culmination of the development of the Doric order. Built on Athens's historic acropolis in the fifth century BC, the Parthenon was partly a tribute to the goddess Athena to thank her for helping Athens. However, it was also a monument to the power of Athens itself. The Parthenon is regard as an enduring symbol of ancient Greece and of Athenian democracy and one of the world’s greatest culture monuments. The Propylaea is a monumental entrance to the Acropolis. Propylaea is the plural of propylon meaning gate. As we all know, the structure had five doorways and build on the incline. Dealing with the incline was a big problem. “The architect entrusted with this important commission was Mnesikles. The site was a difficult one, on a steep slope, but Mnesikles succeeded in disguising the change in ground level by splitting the building into eastern and western section, each one resembling a Doric temple façade.” (139) Unfortunately, the building of the Propylaea was interrupted by the Peloponnesian War, finished hastily. While the Parthenon was the most impressive temple on the Acropolis, another building, the Erechtheion was built to accommodate the religious rituals that the old temple housed. The temple was a complex marble building in the Ionic order, the frieze of Eleusinian grey stone with white relief figures attached to it and the foundations of Piraeus stone. The Caryatids have become the temple’s signature feature, as they stand and seem to casually support the weight of the porch’s roof on their heads. One of the six Caryatids was brought in 1811 by Lord Elgin to Britain (now in the British Museum), the remaining five were replaced by replicas to prevent further damage from the smog (the originals are in the Acropolis Museum). “Another Ionic…
April 18 2013
Gender Roles in Athens and Sparta
The ancient Greek city-states of Sparta and Athens are much known and have played a big role in history. Their ways and customs have affected the United States and many other countries around. Although they are both located in Greece these two city states are different in many ways. From governmental organizations to education these two are very different. The gender roles that are played by males and females , especially females…
life of Greece, during the centuries when it was accomplishing the most, was all centered at Athens. Without Athens, Greek history would lose three quarters of its significance, and modern life and thought would become definitely much more bland and poorer. We would not even be able to begin to imagine the difference in our everyday existence if it weren’t for the Athenians.
The contributions of Athens to our own life are so important, because they touch upon almost every side of what was thought…
political organization was democracy. The Athenians were very proud of their government. It didn't take very long after the development of democracy in Athens for it to become an obsession. Anyone could climb to the top, so long as they could speak well. Rhetoric was central to an Athenian education. Unlike Sparta, whose infantry was unsurpassed, Athens held military dominance at sea. Particularly after the Persian Wars and the formation of the Delian League, the Athenian navy was one few could challenge…
aristocracy: rule by the wealthy or the landowners
courtesans: prostitutes with wealthy clients
Comparing Athens and Sparta:
Where Would You Rather Live, and Why?
Approximately 140,000; Approximately
40,000 men were citizens; and slaves
(about 40,000). By 432 BC, Athens had
become the most populous citystate in
Hellas. In Athens and Attica, there were
at least 150,000 Athenians, around
50,000 aliens, and more than 100,000
Golden Age of Athens
In 490BCE, Athens began to gain power and posed a threat to the Persians. The Persians declared war on Athens; the Persians outnumbered the Athenians 2:1. As a last resort, Athens sent Thydibides to ask for the assistance of the Spartans. After running 140 miles in 2 days, the Spartan’s refused Thybidides’ plea.
In a miracle-like event, the Athenians were victorious over the Persians, killing nearly 6000 men in one day. This battle at Marathon became one of Athens’ defining moments…
Robert L. JENKINS
• 145 Great Oak Dr • Athens, GA 30605
• email@example.com • (706)-850-1475(h) or (706) 351-0785 (c)
Self-Employed: Home-School Physical Education Trainer, Athens, GA 2012-Present
• Trained over 25 home school kids.
• Started home school cross country team and track & field teams.
Teacher / Track & Cross Country Coach: Athens Christian School, Athens, GA 2009 - 2012
• Performed several evangelism outreaches for 11th grade Bible Class.
Sparta and Athens had very similar societies that believed in the same gods , as well as both had
very strong armies , however they had very different methods of political administration . Sparta’s main
focus was to have a very strong army to be able to defend and conquer , resulting in an unstoppable army
. Athens had a very strong army as well but on the other hand believed that education was essential to
have and was their main focus.
Athens and Sparta had different goals…
Persia and Athens are different in terms of militaristic accomplishments and economic systems but they are far more similar in these aspects due to geographic proximity.
During the Persian Wars, Persia and Athens fought on separate sides with different levels of experience and resources. In these wars, Greece, meaning Athens and Sparta, fought for their independence while Persia fought to conquer Greece after they rejected King Darius’s proposal. of obtaining Greece peacefully Greece won the…
about the rise about the rises and falls of Athens. The filmmaker Anthony Geffen covered both the fourth and fifth centuries B.C. Actors were also used to portray historical events and people during this period. The documentary starts with the history of Athens beginning with the rule of Peisistratus whom transformed the city. He needed allies, in that way his son could have the throne. Peisistratus encouraged farming and provided loans and soon Athens was exporting olive oil to nations around the…
Keenan Entress Due: 12/12/11
Athens to Sparta Final Paper
“Athens to Sparta”
Kings and queens have been around for thousands of years. Ruling over their people with power that used to be believed was divine. These kings and queens have always represented the people they ruled over. The king or queen gave a general idea of who the people were that they ruled. Yet, kings and queens weren’t the only leaders to represent their people. There were also…