Human Growth and Development
Professor: Pamela Todd
July 8, 2013
Attachment Disorder The arrival of a new born changes the family dynamics drastically. Babies bring so much joy and peace to the home when they arrive. Everyone around the newborn is eager to look, touch and comfort them. Research has shown that overly responsive mothers are just as likely to have insecurely attached children as underresponsive mothers. In contrast, mothers whose communication involves interactional synchrony, in which care givers respond to infants appropriately and both caregiver and child match emotional states, are more likely to produce secure attachment (Kochanska, 1998: Hanes, Fledstein, & Dernetz, 2003). Attachment behavior is to discover the individual differences in early childhood one of the main variables, mainly through mother-to-child separation in an unfamiliar situation and again the process of exploration and anxiety arising from the singularity, to understand early childhood attachment to the mother's situation.
Attachment develops when a child is constantly relaxed, consoled, and cared for, and when the caregiver consistently meets the child's needs. It is through attachment the child learns to love and find confidence in others. They become aware of others' feelings and needs, to regulate their own emotions, and to develop healthy relationships and a positive self-image. Children who have a disorganized-disorder attachment pattern show inconsistent, contradictory, and confused behavior. They may run to the mother when she returns but not look at her, or seem to initially calm and then suddenly break into weeping. Their confusion suggests that they may be least securely attached children of all. About 5 to 10% of all children fall into this category (Mayseless, 1996: Cole 2205; Bernier & Meins, 2008). If attachment is not achieved and the absence of emotional warmth during the first few years of life, it can negatively affect a child's entire future.
When babies are born, naturally they are dependent. They need frequent care and nurturing their social, mental, emotional, physical developments will depend on the attachments they do or do not form. The basis of all human development is the attachment or lack of attachment, with those that are the parents or primary caregivers. Secure attachment, as defined by the Western- oriented Strange Situation, may be seen earliest in cultures that promote independence, but may be delayed in societies in which independence is a less important cultural value Rothbaum et al. 2000; Rothbaum,