Prompt: Describe the role of situational and dispositional attributions in explaining human behavior Attributions are defined as how people interpret and explain causal relationship in the social world. Within attributions, there are sub categories of situational attribution and dispositional attribution. Situational attribution is defined as one relating the cause of events to external factors, while dispositional attribution is one classify personal factors as the causation of events. With these two forms of attributions, scientists can then evaluate human action. The studies that demonstrate the two kinds of attributions relate to human behavior are Milgram's study (1963) and Lau and Russle's study(1980). In Milgram's study, situational attribution is used to describe the participants' behavior. Milgram hypothesizes that humans tend to obey authority figures. For the experiment, he gathers participants from different ages, races, sexes and occupations to represent the whole population. Milgram uses deception, a technique to omit unwanted factors while the participants are unaware of, which guarantees the participants are assigned to the role of a teacher in the experiment instead of a student. The teacher's role is to monitor the students answers and electrify the students if the wrong answers are selected. At a certain point the teachers notice the students are yelling in pain and wish to withdraw. However, the presence and persuasion of researcher behind the teachers cause 63% of the teachers proceeding and disregarding the objection of the students. In Milgram's experiment, the teachers seem confound and do not know what actions to take. The teachers' decisions of continuing on with the research are influenced by the language of the authority (researcher), which is an external factor. It is the persuasion of the authority that result in the teachers actions; thus, the act of obeying authorities in real life, which the teachers demonstrate in the research are classified as…
a citation in a footnote (see Citing sources for how to do this). In addition to this, when quoting or closely paraphrasing source material, in-text attribution is almost always required – for example: "John Smith wrote that the building looked spectacular," or "Smith (2012) wrote that ...". The Manual of Style requires in-text attribution when quoting a full sentence or more. Naming the author in the text allows the reader to see which words rely heavily on someone else, without having…
Frederick Douglass rewrite
An extraordinary prisoner of slavery, who successfully escaped in 1838 to New York, Frederick Douglass, in his narrative, exposes the overwhelming mental strength that it took to prevail over slavery. Douglass’s purpose is to convey his states of mind to those who still supported slavery and other slaves in order to get it abolished. He adopts a passionate tone to achieve a sense of guilt upon his audience to get them to recognize the humanity…
Essay #1 Rewrite
Sometimes, I like to think about how our society works. Why do people in this world think that there are only a few ways to show God's love? There are so many different ways we can express ourselves and also be able to work and share the word of our amazing God. A majority of the world's population believes that we can only share the word of God by reading the Bible, and attending church. I am a Christian. I am not perfect, and I do not always…
done by previous psychologist to test to see if the correlation between expressed emotion (EE) and the attribution theory (Weisman, Lopez, Karno, & Jenkins). Researchers used prior research that had been done and elaborated upon it using three dimensions: affect toward patient, controllability attributions and level of EE.
Researchers sought to test two hypotheses derived from the attribution theory which were: Firstly, researchers hypothesized that high EE family members who were characterized…
money, or effort
Social cognition An area of social psychology concerned with social influences on thought, memory, perception, and other cognitive processes.
Attribution theory Theory that people are motivated to explain own and others’ behavior by attributing causes of behavior to situation or disposition
Fundamental attribution error Tendency to overestimate personality factors and underestimate situational influence
Just world hypothesis The bias to believe that the world is fair…
Literature of Africa and African Diaspora
Professor Cheryl Sterling
Rewrite of Midterm A
“Soyinka: Death and the King’s Horseman: God Returns ”
Throughout the play, Death and the King’s Horseman, Soyinka explores what he understands to be the relation between the Gods, man and the ancestral relationships within the Yoruba culture. As he focuses our attention to the metaphysical, the idea of ritual (notably, ritual of transition) provides a meeting point between the forces…
Eng 201/Sec 061/12314
Paper 3a: Macbeth Rewrite
If it’s true that Shakespeare wrote Macbeth to teach readers the lesson that too much
ambition how Macbeth had to become king is wrong, there would be enough reasons on why
people might agree or disagree with what Shakespeare’s exact message was for creating
Macbeth, but the lesson of too much ambition I would agree with that. As for Nietzsche, who
disagreed and said he claims Shakespeare actually admired Macbeth’s ambition…
subject well and when he stated that studying did not help is probably because he feels like no matter what he does it is just not in his entity to learn it. Therefore, he will start to accept failing in this class. Drew could be drawing on past attributions of personal experience of not being able to master a subject and wanting to give up; however we need to help change that.
As we know, motivation is the act of getting someone to do something for a reason while also maintaining their behavior.…
America has had one thing in mind for a long time, and that is power. Although there were things that stayed the same such as Expansion into the early 1900th century and early 20th century, there were also changes, such as the over whelming change of power that America gained throughout the years. Both change and continuation were shown during this time. America found the importance in colonies, and trading with nations, along with expanding and improving naval forces…
Discuss the types of attribution someone makes when they appraise a person’s behaviour. How may bias occur in their reasoning particularly if they have a very different background to the person they observe?
Attribution theory focuses on ways in which we gather and process information in order to come up with judgements and explanations for people’s behaviours and personalities or as explained by Fiske & Taylor (1991) “how the social perceiver uses information to arrive at casual explanations for…