| China | Australia | Legislature | In the Chinese constitution it states that “The Republic of China, founded on the Three Principles of the People, shall be a democratic republic of the People, by the people, and for the people.” and the people exercise this authority through the main legislative body, the National People’s Congress (NPC). National People’s Congress (NPC) * The NPC is considered the highest state power * Holds annual meetings to approve the budget make amends to the constitution and elect high ranking officials * Unlike Australia, China’s legislative function is unicameral, meaning there is only one house of Parliament * Deputies are elected to the National People’s Congress by Deputies in the Lower People’s Congress * The spread of Communism is such that 70% of the representatives are also members of the CPC * In this sense, coupled with the infrequency of meetings, the NPC enables the CPC to rubber-stamp their drafted legislation. * Conversely, in Australia there are two dominant parties with near equal representation (although one always has a majority), and a variety of minor parties which represent the beliefs and values of the people * Whilst the two party system is a feature characteristic of Australian politics the CPC’s dominance of the NPC enables them to express sole party rule over the Chinese citizens * The true political force behind China’s legislative function is the CPC * Although the major legislative body of the CCP is the CCP’s National Party Congress, in real effect, day to day policy is determined by smaller party units * The national party congress has over 2900 members and meets just once every five years * The most important of these smaller sub-units is the Politburo Standing Committee, which comprises the Chairman, Vice-Chairman, and the Secretary-General * This elitist group consists of just nine members who direct the aims of the Communist regime and despite the rights granted to the people by the Chinese Constitution, it is these officials that monopolise legislative power. NPC Standing Committee * Meets more frequently than NPC * Approximately 160 members * Can enact and amend some laws, but still approves party policy | * Upon Australia’s Federation in 1901, inspiration for a legislative structure was drawn from the existing model in British parliament * This system is known as the Westminster system of Responsible government, whereby government is responsible to an elected parliament * This principle formed the basis for Australia’s legislative function * Australian parliament consists of democratically elected representatives from around Australia who meet at Parliament house to make and debate laws for the benefit of the nation * The Parliament is bi-cameral, that is to say, comprises two separate chambers of Parliament, the House of Representatives (The People’s House, with 150 members) and the Senate (The House of Review, 76 Senators, 12 from each state) * Members of the House of Representatives must be directly chosen by the people as stated in Section 24 (The Nexus Clause) of the Constitution * On this note, representation of the people differs greatly between the two countries * Chinese citizens may only directly elect leaders within the People’s Congress for their town, and there are many levels at which the People’s Congress are established * The people have almost no say in who ends up as a delegate in the National People’s Congress, thus their will and voice in China’s political system is only theoretical * There is consequently a distinct difference between the two countries in the means through which legislative representation is achieved. | Executive | * Executive power in China resides with the President, who is the Chief of State and the highest executive authority * Whilst the President is usually also the Chairman of the CPC (in reality, the leader of China), his role is much
Signing of the China and Australian Free Trade Agreement (ChAFTA)
On Monday, Australia and China signed a statement of intent in Canberra, to make a free trade agreement, taking another step towards a historic free trade deal between the two nations. The statement of intent was singed between Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott, Trade Minister Andrew Robb, and China’s President Xi Jinping after the conclusion of the G20 in Brisbane on the weekend. China is already Australia's biggest…
What is the main issue presented in the media report?
Discuss what has actually happened:
The government of China has declared the ban on the import of rock lobsters from Australia but they didn’t stop import from New Zealand and South Africa. There is no explanation given by Chinese government to Australian government on this import ban. The 95 percent of rock lobsters were caught in the Tasmania water was exported to Hong Kong and china. In addition, the Tasmania is the biggest spot for capturing…
which is Australian lobsters banned in China, and discuss the stakeholders of the case. Secondly, We will talk about the main issues of the cases, for example how the issues affect the stakeholders by using economic theories. We will also provide some alternate solution that can solve the issues in the case. Most importantly we will talk about the effectiveness of the solutions related to the economic that can be used in the case.
Summary of the case:
China as the major importers of Australian lobsters…
from southern China to Taiwan and Japan, and also includes Indonesia and Thailand. The flowers are white and yellow with a strong fragrance. Sweet Osmanthus Sauce is made from the fresh flower with honey and a dash of salt. It is widely using in Chinese traditional food making, such as rice cake and biscuits. Osmanthus fragrans also have medicinal value, the aromatic substances contained in it could relieve cough and asthma role. Sweet-scented osmanthus fragrant can eliminate mouth odor and efficiently…
Australia’s main exports to China is wine as it characterises the fourth largest wine exporting nation (Australian wine and Branding Corporation 2009, paras 1). China provides a marketable and competitive opportunity for Australian wine corporations as it is a growing economy with an emerging market for wine. The emergence of wine is evident by research by Australian government on the “Australian Wine and Brandy Corporation” that red wine is favoured with 94% of consumers. Some of the main initiators…
recycling strategies,they have a common
opinion in developing recycling farming. China and Australia collect
recyclable materials in quite different way. In China ,there are recyclable
and non-recyclable bins for people to classify rubbish.Many Chinese
,however,will sell used paper ,magazines,old furniture,and glass bottle to
collectors who are usually riding a tricycle with a sign around the
neighbourhood.In contrast, before garbage truck pick up rubbish family in
Australia will classify it…
In 2012 to 2013, China is still the biggest trade partner to Australia. The total gross export value is almost AU$131.5 billion which is about 21.1% of the Australian total foreign trade. Comparing to Australia, China plays importer role in the relationship between China and Australia. The low exchange rate is more favorable to Chinese companies because they do not need to pay more high price for the commodities. On the contrary, the top five output categories are iron, coal, gold, education services…
A. Select articles from three different online sites relevant to your assignment.
I have selected an article that named Mind Your Language from Austrade (Australia Trade Commission), which is the part of Australian Government.
B. Discuss the credible, relevant, objective and reliable information found on this site.
In lecture 2, the topic covered was culture, which was defined as “the socially transmitted behaviour patterns, norms, beliefs and values of given community” (Salacuse, 1999…
judiciary (law enforcing and dispute resolving function) is vastly different between the two nations as can see when we compare and contrast the underlying principles of each system of government. Firstly, both nations claim to uphold the concept of the rule of law, although due to corruptive forces surrounding the Chinese court system, this concept is often thwarted and equality before the law is not upheld. Within the constitutions of both nations the basic principles of separation of powers have been…
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Publication details, including instructions for authors and
Chocolate in China: the cadbury
L.J. Wood & S. Grosvenor
University of Tasmania, Australia
Published online: 24 Feb 2007.
To cite this article: L.J. Wood & S. Grosvenor (1997) Chocolate in China: the cadbury
experience, Australian Geographer, 28:2, 173-184
To link to this…