A common question people ask nowadays is, "What is Autism?" Most people know very little about autism. What little do people know usually comes from movies and TV, and it usually is not true. So then, many people have “common misconceptions” about autism, and the people affected by it. Autism was first discovered by and viewed as a disease was by Leo Kanner, a scientist, in 1943. There are many causes to autism, many that are just theories, there are a lot of symptoms, but up to this day there hasn’t been a cure for it. The rates of people being diagnosed with autism is increasing everyday, many parents, teachers, and the general public do not have the knowledge to help autistic people. More autistic children will be place in childcare and preschools. This is why people need to understand the affects of learning and development with autistic children. According to the Autism Society of American website (www.autism-society.org), Autism is defined as “the brain disorder that starts in the very early years of a child and stays throughout adulthood. It affects three areas of development: verbal and nonverbal communication, social interaction, and creative or imaginative play.” “It is a severe disorder of communication and behavior. It is a developmental disability that prevents individuals from properly understanding what they see, hear and sense.” (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders;American Psychiatric Association, 1994) It is shown that autism is four times more prevalent in boys than girls and also racial, ethnic, family income, lifestyles or educational levels do not affect the chance of autism occurring. Whatever the cause, it is seen that children with autism are born with the disorder or with the chance to develop it. 2. Unfortunately, their is very little known about the causes of autism. However, according to research from the Autism Research Institiute Project, “current theories indicate a problem with the function or structure of the central nervous system.” The Autism Research Institute states that, “in many cases the disorder is evident during the first 30 months of life. The biological factors associated with autism are high levels of neurotransmitter serotonin, high amount of peptides, low muscle tone, poor coordination, and abnormal patterns of brain activity.” Autism is usually found before the age of three and affects the child’s performance in general, not just educationally. In autistic people their sensory messages are not all working right. People with autism have difficulties in communication, social behavior and how they view the world they live in. According to a report by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, “the disorder and its behaviors are approximately to happen to three to six children in every thousand. It is estimated that between 1 in 80 and 1 in 240 with an average of 1 in 110 children in the United States have autism. Scientists estimate that, in families with one autistic child, the risk of having a second child with the disorder is about 10%.” (CDC 2000), Autism is there from birth, but parents do not recognize the symptoms yet, the characteristics become more visible in the first three years. Parents are usually aware of early signs in their child's lack of communication, play and in their limited responses to love and affection. But many don’t view it as a big deal, they think the child will grow out of it. 3. Although no cure for autism exists today, doctors and scientists are looking at ways to help eliminate the causes. Researchers all over the world are linking autism to abnormal genetics, unreliable vaccines, mercury poisoning, and many other causes. Many researchers, doctors, and scientists conclude that autism is most likely a combination of many genetic and environmental factors. Many parents are worried that some vaccines are not safe and may harm their baby or young child. They may ask their
Autism: Everything a Parent Needs to Know
Heather N. Grech
The reason I chose to do my individual project on autism is because I have a special kind of love for children who need that extra attention. Not only because I have family members who are autistic, but in my past I have had jobs where I was able to be around children who were autistic. Specifically, when I worked at Bob Evans Family Restaurant, I had a family that would come in every week to see me. John and Mary…
The word “autism” comes from the Greek world “autos” which means “self.” The term describes certain conditions in which a person isolates themselves from social interactions. Eugen Bleuler was the first to use the term in 1911, when he was referring to a symptom of schizophrenics. It wasn’t until 1940 that “autism” started to be used to refer to children who have social and/or emotional problems. From the 60s-70s research related to autism treatments focused on medications likes LSD, electric…
hard to believe, but for one out of every 110 children in America, this is reality (Boyle, 2010). Autism Spectrum Disorder is a developmental disorder that affects a person’s ability to communicate. There are thousands of unanswered questions about the disorder, but with today’s advanced technology, there is not a day that goes by in which progress isn’t made toward solving Autism’s mysteries.
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a highly complex disorder of the brain. ASD is classified as a developmental…
I know a child, who is a gift from GOD you see,
A person who has no visible sign of a disability,
Doctors call it Autism or ASD,
He is the same as you and me,
It just means his brain is wired differently.
Autism is a disorder that affects 1 in 88 kids every year. The majority of children affected are boys. Autism has been linked to an abnormal biology and chemistry in the brain. Although the cause is still unknown, many theories or possible causes have been suspected…
According to the National Autism Association, Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by social impairments, cognitive impairments, communication difficulties, and repetitive behaviors. Autism is can be linked to abnormal physical condition in the brain, however abnormalities remain unknown. The cortex and the cerebellum in the brain have been implicated in autism, according to a report on NBCNews.com. This report also stated these areas of the brain are possibly responsible for concentration…
Increased Awareness Benefits Autism Spectrum Disorder Victims
November 6, 2012
Introduction to Psychology Section 034
Currently, one in every 88 children that are born today is born with an autism spectrum disorder. This is alarming after you take into account that in 2000 that number was much higher at one in every 250 children. Autism is defined as a hereditary developmental disability significantly affecting verbal and non-verbal communication along with social interaction,…
Probiotic Therapy Alleviates Autism-Like Behaviors in Mice
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is diagnosed when an individual exhibits characteristic behaviors that include repetitive actions, decreased social interactions, and impaired communication. Oddly enough, many individuals with ASD also suffer from gastrointestinal (GI) issues like abdominal cramps and constipation.
Relating brain and GI problems in ASD as their guide, researchers at the California Institute Technology…
AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER
The Spectrum of Disorders
FINAL EXAM REVIEW
DSM 5- Two Domains
“[Autism] criteria will incorporate several diagnoses from DSM-IV including autistic disorder, Asperger’s disorder, childhood disintegrative disorder and pervasive developmental disorder (not otherwise specified) into the diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder for DSM-5 to help more accurately and consistently diagnose children with autism,” according to the APA.
ASD is now characterized by
1. Deficits in social…
The article “Offspring autism risk linked to pesticide exposure during pregnancy” published on Medical News Today, revealed the association between pregnant women’s exposure to chemical environment and autism, a research conducted by the MIND Institute at the University of California-Davis. According to the article, expectant mothers who live close to farms that are applied to certain pesticides, have higher risk of having children with autism than the mothers who live far away from…
Autism is one of the most confusing and popular health conditions known. There is a lot of speculation and theories on the cause but, it still remains unknown. There are three main theories for this that I would like to touch on is genetics, environment, and the Intense World Theory. With the proper research and studies one of these theories may be the answer for a potential cure.
Autism spectrum disorder is an umbrella term used to bring together a group of differing brain disorders. In previous…