Essay on Autism,Down Syndrome

Submitted By majea456
Words: 1656
Pages: 7

The Life
Childhood Disorders By: MG

Life can be very challenging when a newborn is born. You never know what is expected until the day come and you find out your child is born with Down syndrome and be diagnose with Autism. Your life has changed completely knowing that your baby will live with these disorders for the rest of their lives. But wait, as your child gets older he suddenly receives news he has another disorder called Schizophrenia. Where do we go from here, so much to handle at a young age? I will be giving insight on how it is possible for a child to develop these disorders, what are the steps to control these disorders and the life a child faces dealing with these disorders.
Newborns still in the womb have difficult challenges to face. During the developmental stages of pregnancy a newborn is given two types of prenatal tests to determine if he or she has Down syndrome. Yeah, I know what you thinking well “What is Down syndrome”, and “How can it also play a part with Autism and Schizophrenia”. Down syndrome is caused by the presence of an extra chromosome number 21 in the cells of the developing baby. In an unscreened population, about 1 in every 700 babies is born with Down syndrome. Usually it is not inherited and so a baby can be affected even if there is no history of Down syndrome in the family. Although Down syndrome occurs more frequently as mothers get older, about 70% of babies with Down syndrome are born to women who are younger than 35 years old. The two types of prenatal tests are used to detect Down syndrome in a fetus are screening tests and diagnostic tests. Screening tests are estimating the risk that a fetus has DS; diagnostic tests can tell whether the fetus actually has the condition.Screening tests are cost-effective , easy to perform and often include a combination of a blood test, which measures the amount of various substances in the mother’s blood (e.g., MS-AFP, Triple Screen, Quad-screen), and an ultrasound, which creates a picture of the baby. During an ultrasound, one of the things the technician looks at is the fluid behind the baby’s neck. Extra fluid in this region could indicate a genetic problem. These screening tests can help determine the baby’s risk of Down syndrome. But because they can't give a definitive answer as to whether a baby has DS, these tests are used to help parents decide whether to have more diagnostic tests. This test is taken in the first trimester.
Diagnostic tests are about 99% accurate in detecting Down syndrome and other chromosomal abnormalities. It is taken in However, because they're performed inside the uterus, they are associated with a risk of miscarriage and other complications. Types of screening diagnostic test to check if the baby has Down syndrome by doing Amniocentesis which is a Genetic amniocentesis is taken after week 15 of pregnancy and Maturity amniocentesis can be done between 32 and 39 weeks of pregnancy. During an amino, you’re the doctor takes a small sample of amniotic fluid. Amniotic fluid is fluid that surrounds your baby in the womb. It is done by the doctor puts a thin needle through the belly and uterus into the amniotic sac. He uses the needle to remove about 1 to 2 tablespoons (1 ounce) of fluid. Once the fluid sample is taken, the uses the ultrasound to check that the baby’s heartbeat is healthy. Doing this procedure the accuracy of amniocentesis is about 99.4%.
Children with Down syndrome show symptoms of:
Poor muscle tone
Slanting eyes
Short neck
Small head
Small oral cavity
Short low-set ears
After all the testing and the baby are born and is about 1 or 2 the parents have a major fear of concerned that the child has Autism. Autism also called Autism spectrum disorders that appear in early childhood — usually before age 3.Having symptoms and severity vary, all autism spectrum disorders affect a child's ability to communicate and interact with others. The