Autoimmune DiseaseMS Research Essay

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Unit 3 Assignment: Autoimmune Disease

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease. MS attacks the protective sheath (myelin) that covers your nerves (Staff, 2014)leaving scar tissues on the nerves. This then affects the communication between the brain and the rest of the body. MS affects cognitive abilities, like memory loss. The causes of MS are still unknown and being, researched. Scientist believe that the interaction of several different causes maybe involved (What Causes MS?, 2014). Since MS has very similar symptoms to other autoimmune diseases, it can and sometime is misdiagnosed. Some factors are environment; MS is, known to be in areas further away from the equator. Researchers also think that a virus or other infectious agent triggers MS. Genetics can also play part in MS. MS is not hereditary but it has been studied that if a parent or sibling has MS your chances are higher of being diagnosed. Worldwide there is more than 2.3 million people affected by MS (What Causes MS?, 2014). MS can affect anyone even children but is more common in adults between the ages of 20-50. It is more common in Caucasians than any other ethicncity.MS is more common in woman than men are. Main symptoms of MS can be tiredness, vision problems, depression, and bowel and bladder issues numbness in the extremities. There can also be coordination problems and the heat can affect the tiredness feeling associated with MS. Difficulty walking some patients with MS lose the ability to walk this all depends on the amount of damage done to the nerves (Staff, 2014). Some patients can go a long time without any acerbations, which is like a remission of sorts. Then MS can flare up this can be cause by stress or illness. Less common symptoms include, speech problems, swallowing problems, seizures, headaches and hearing loss. Whiles MS is non-fatal there are a few rare cases where complications from MS can cause death. These complication though can be managed through medication (What Causes MS?, 2014). There are many different medications for MS to treat the attacks from MS there is corticosteroids like oral prednisone and intravenous methylprednisolone. These are to help reduce the nerve inflammation (Staff, 2014). Treatments to modify progression of MS these are only to reduce the relapse rate and reduce the rate of formation of new lesions. These include a variety of different treatments the first one is Beta interferons this medication is shot under the skin r into the muscle and can reduce the occurrence and severity of the relapses (Staff, 2014). A few other options include Copaxone, which is another injection, Tecfidea, Aubagio, and Gilenya that are oral medications. Tysabri is also available, this medication is for patients with a more server case of MS and do not respond to other treatments. This medication has an increase chance of getting viral infection called multifocal leukoencephalopathy. Novantrone is also used to treat severe cases of MS it is an immunosuppressant drug and can be harmful to the heart and has been associated with blood cancers (What Causes MS?, 2014) With most alternative therapies with MS, they include most lifestyle changes. By exercising more, change in diet and by…