Essay on Automotive Industry and Theodore Maiman

Submitted By joujozzzz
Words: 682
Pages: 3

Science and Technology:
In the 1960’s, everything completely changed, especially after WW II. Science and technology expanded much much more… New materials, and especially in science we
Some technologies that were involved in the 1960’s are:
-1960 – The female birth-control contraceptive, the pill, was released in the United States after Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval.
-1960 – The first working laser was demonstrated in May by Theodore Maiman at Hughes Research Laboratories.
-1962 – First trans-Atlantic satellite broadcast via the Telstar satellite.
-1962 – The first computer video game, Spacewar!, was invented.
-1963 – The first geosynchronous communications satellite, Syncom 2 is launched.
-1963 – First trans-Pacific satellite broadcast via the Relay 1 satellite.
-1963 – Touch-Tone telephones introduced.
-1963 – Sketchpad was the first touch interactive computer graphics program.
-1963 – Video recorder The Nottingham Electronic Valve company produced the first home video recorder called the "Telcan".
-1964 – The first successful Minicomputer, Digital Equipment Corporation's 12-bit PDP-8, was marketed.
-1964 – The programming language BASIC was created.
-1967 – First heart transplantation operation by Professor Christian Barnard in South Africa.
-1967 – PAL and SECAM broadcast color television systems started publicly transmitting in Europe.
-1967 – The first Automatic Teller Machine was opened in Barclays Bank, London.
-1968 – The first public demonstration of the computer mouse, the paper paradigm Graphical user interface, video conferencing, teleconferencing, email, and hypertext.
-1969 – Arpanet, the research-oriented prototype of the Internet, was introduced.
-1969 – CCD invented at AT&T Bell Labs, used as the electronic imager in still and video cameras.

Technology
Automobiles
As the 1960s began, American cars showed a rapid rejection of 1950s styling excess, and would remain relatively clean and boxy for the entire decade. The horsepower race reached its climax in the late 1960s, with muscle cars sold by most makes. The compact Ford Mustang, launched in 1964, was one of the decade's greatest successes. The "Big Three" American automakers enjoyed their highest ever sales and profitability in the 1960s, but the demise of Studebaker in 1966 left American Motors Corporation as the last significant independent. The decade would see the car market split into different size classes for the first time, and model lineups now included compact and mid-sized cars in addition to full-sized ones.
The popular modern hatchback, with front-wheel-drive and a two-box configuration, was born in 1965 with the introduction of the Renault 16,many of this car's design principles live on in its modern counterparts: a large rear opening incorporating the rear window, foldable rear seats to extend boot space. The Mini, released in 1959, had first popularised the front wheel drive two-box…