Babylonian Epic of Gilgamesh After reading Fiero’s summary of the Babylonian Epic of Gilgamesh, I do not agree with the idea that the only real immortality that we can know as humans is through our accomplishments on earth. I have a problem with the question asked for this topic, “Do you agree or disagree with this attitude towards the afterlife” it treats immortality and afterlife at the same time. To me they are very different. Immortality means you never die whereas with afterlife you must die and then your spirit goes on to another place. Many religion including Christianity, believe in the afterlife. Christianity is a part of my religion’s background and I believe in the afterlife. However, I do not believe in immortality; I also do not believe that our accomplishments on earth will last forever. Some, but very few, accomplishments may last as long as their society does but not for ever. I think that any search for immortality is a waste of time. The lack of success, even though it was within his reach, and the ending of this epic story seem to suggest that there is Possibility of immortality. However, it may be very difficult to impossible. The material provided for the Babylonian Epic of Gilgamesh is not complete it is only a summary of Fiero and this is an epic that was written on clay tablets. Many of tablets are broken; therefor, this is not complete. The story also wasn’t written down until hundreds of years. The original written epic was translated to the other languages and there was probably a lot of information lost or changed in translation. For these reasons I question the accuracy the information provided. How much of this story is real and how much is fiction. However, some people who studied about the epic can make educated guesses as to what might have been said so that the English translation mostly whole. The purpose of this epic could have been for entertainment like television or movies today. Even like entertainment today many times a message or point is intended to reach the audience. The epic could have had religions significance or could forever been political. This Babylonian Epic of Gilgamesh as provided by the summary is probably much more than it appears at face value. Although this material did not move me emotionally and I don’t feel that it taught me very much, it did cause me think. “There are a lot of similar themes to this epic as to some of the other mythological stories I have read in the past. I found this particular observation oddly strange because this tale was written thousands of years before many other similar tales. I think this is why this story of Gilgamesh has endured for so long. All in all it was a good read. However, it can be a little confusing at times. I especially like the part where Gilgamesh refused Istar the goddess of love and beauty, takes notice of his beauty and offers to become his wife. Gilgamesh refuses with insult. The imagery was quite amusing!” (Kluger, n.d.) Moreover, the material is about myth but as with most myths, they were originally base on some facts and then change over time. “The Epic of Gilgamesh, also a masterpiece of world literature, is considered to be one of the oldest epics in the world. It is called an epic, but it is really a myth. In order to be able to understand a myth, it should necessary to have an historical point of view from two perspectives, so to speak, an outer and an inner one.” (Kluger, n.d.) “The outer one concerns the necessity to understand the historical form in which the archetypes appear, the historical background to which the myth is related - in our case, the Babylonian culture and religion. The inner aspect concerns the essential problems of the time, with which that particular epoch struggled consciously, or in which it was unconsciously involved. Although this is primarily a scientific task, I believe that it is nevertheless a matter of immediate necessity for us to understand such
tribe with the greatest story survives is a very interesting statement when you think about it. That each tribe relied on their own form of gods and it was those epics that helped that tribe make it in the world. How did the epics of others fail the test, while others passed? What was it about Hesiod’s Theogony or the Epic of Gilgamesh that was no match for the Hebrew’s Old Testament? If we look at the relationship between the gods and humans it is there that we might find one suitable answer to…
He Who Saw the Deep: Wisdom in the Epic of Gilgamesh
The Epic of Gilgamesh is a legendary tale told about an impulsive tyrant and his journey to find the truth about mortality. It begins with the memorable line “he who saw the Deep…was wise in all matters”1. What does this phrase “he who saw the Deep” truly mean? And what does it mean when it is said that Gilgamesh is “wise in all matter”. The ancient Mesopotamian world, as shown by scenes of the epic such as Enkidu’s anointment into human civilization…
September 22, 2012
The Ongoing Epic of Gilgamesh
Most historians today, at one point or another, have examined and analyzed one of the earliest surviving works of literature, which in this case originated from ancient Mesopotamian culture. Entitled “The Epic of Gilgamesh,” it is an epic narrative constructed during the early second millennium BCE, describing “human—as opposed to godly—achievements” (Worlds Together, Worlds Apart, p.97). To historians The Epic of Gilgamesh has shed a great amount of…
Sumerians, probably the first written script in the world
3) Epic of Gilgamesh – The world’s oldest complete epic literary masterpiece
4) Lex talionis – “Law of retaliation,” laws in which offenders suffered punishments similar to their crimes; the most famous examples is Hammurabi’s Laws
5) Yahweh – God of monotheistic religion of Judaism that influenced later Christianity and Islam
6) Sumerians – Earliest Mesopotamian society
7) Babylonians – Natives or inhabitants of ancient Babylonia or Babylon…
Western Civilization |
The Story of Noah and the Epic of Gilgamesh |
Same Story or Two Different Tales |
RUSSEL CLAY |
The story of the great flood as written by the Babylonian and Noachian people has been a topic of great debate. This topic is as controversial as which came first the chicken or the egg. Which story is fact and which story is fiction? Scholar and religious philosophers have debated this question for centuries. The one common fact,…
god; during Akhenaton’s rule, worship of any other gods or goddesses was prohibited.
Alexander the Great = a Greek ruler who conquered most of the known world, including Mesopotamia and Egypt, during the late fourth century B.C.E.
Almanacs = a Babylonian invention that helped prepare for changing seasons, much like a calendar.
Amenemhat [ah-MEN-en-maht] = the Pharaoh who successfully reunited Egypt at the start of the Middle Kingdom in 2040 B.C.E.
Aramaic [air-uh-MAY-ik] = the Assyrian writing…
Babylon: City on banks of Euphrates, capital of Babylonia.
Hammurabi: Wrote a set of doctrines, king of babylonia
Epic of Gilgamesh: Ancient poem from five different Sumerian cities, Gilgamesh and Enkidu are gods, enkidu oppresses people.
Enuma Elish: Babylonian creation myth
Enkidu, utnapishtim: Enkidu, figure in the myth created to rid Gilgamesh of arrogance raised in the while. Utnapishtin- only survivor of great flood, saved several animals.
Isis, Osiris: Goddess…
you did not behave correctly. The laws that were later written down by the ancient Babylonians were, for the most part, laws first created by the ancient Sumerians. The code of Hammurabi was created by the king Hammurabi for the Babylonians.
The Babylonians were the first culture to create an organized religion. They were a mythopoeic culture; myths make up a part of the culture, such as the epic of Gilgamesh. Rituals are developed such as sacrifice and…
and poverty (economic growth)????
Cuneiform- an early writing system that bean to develop in Mesopotamia in the 4th millennium B.C., by 3100 B.C. its distinctive markings were impressed on clay tablets using a wedge shaped stylus
Babylonian Empire- Hammurabi was ruler of Babylon--- used politics and writing as weapons—durable state
New Kingdom- invaded by Hyksos-- dissolved power of Pharaoh—imperial expansion—rise of aristocracy—Egypt reached height of power
Amenhotep IV- changed…
What are the triangular indentations used for the script of the Sumerians called?[pic] Cuneiform[pic]
Who was Gilgamesh, and which city did he rule?[pic]
Gilgamesh was the King of Uruk. His reputation inspired the Epic of Gilgamesh/5th king of Uruk(2500 BC), reigned 126 yrs/lugal “big man”(leader) wealthy young man, warrior
[pic]Which technologies were used by the earliest Western civilizations? [pic]
Stone, wood, leather, and fibers[pic]/ 1st appearance of tools (bone, wood…