July 8, 2013
Jonathan Hoffsuemmer, MBA, MPH
Research was conducted a three case study in 2005 by the Institute of Medicine. They attempt to argue and prove that communities outreach educate consumers of childhood obesity and prevention of obesity in children and youth. A lack of information on how exactly communities are educating the consumers on how to prevent childhood obesity. The research conducted by the Institute of Medicine answers some of those questions on how communities can achieve information on prevention of childhood obesity. Definition of the problem
Childhood obesity has become an epidemic in the United States the rate of childhood obesity has doubled in the past 20 years creating serious chronic illness in children such as diabetes, hypertension or heart disease is only a few illnesses. It is estimated the U.S. will spend $31 billion to treat individuals with obesity who develop heart disease.
What is the problem the study was conducted to resolve?/Why is the problem important for health care administrators to study?
The study indicates that consumers or parents should act now to prevent childhood obesity to reduce of the risk of these children of getting heart disease. This is the problem society is facing today and the study was conducted in attempt to educate parents before their own children become a statistic in obesity and the illnesses that creates. It is important information health care administrator take the study serious and educate clinicians on how to diagnose and treat obesity and possibly prevent it.
Study purpose: The purpose of the study is to educate communities, consumers and parents on how prevention of childhood obesity be prevented. According to Porter, C. M. (2013), “The research of the three projects succeeded in changing physical environments for food and activity through program and event offerings. The projects were less active in generating policy and economic change. The scale and scope of actions related to project longevity. Demographics of key project stakeholders may have hinged on individual and institutional identities of project facilitators and on intentionality of inclusion strategies”. Therefore, change is proven that it does make a difference in changing environmental of foods’ can prevent childhood obesity. Such as promoting diet, exercise, and lifestyle changes of a child will and can reduce the risk of serious illnesses in their future.
Study design/Research question: In this specific research of childhood obesity prevention the study was designed in three different parts of the United States research and the question will on the three case studies of community involvement and efforts in the prevention of childhood obesity were in northeastern United States: Shape Up Somerville in Massachusetts, MA (urban), Whole Community Project in New York, NY (semiurban), and Eat Well Play Hard Chemung in NY (semirural).
Hypothesis or hypotheses The study was a hypothesis of childhood obesity research prevention and by educating consumers, communities, and parents it can be prevented by changing lifestyle and diet of children reducing the risk of serious illnesses.
What are the independent and dependent study variables? In what way was a conceptual model or theoretical framework used to guide this study? The data that was collected included stakeholder interviews (n=23), participant observation (n ≥ 7 events and meetings/case), and document analysis (n≈100/case) from project inceptions until March, 2010. The research team had meetings with participation and the data was tracked. The data was then coded for actions and strategies. "Physicians tend to look at children running around and say, `oh, they're healthy; there's nothing wrong with them", observes lead author and immediate