Basic Essay 2

Submitted By pipermuha
Words: 641
Pages: 3

Joyce Lee-Davis
Foundations of Structured English Immersion

There have been two concepts that have been very beneficial in teaching English Language Learners. These two concepts are CALP and BICS (Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency and Basic Interpersonal Communication). In 1979, Jim Cummins constructed these learning concepts that will challenge students learning abilities in regards to language. CALP is one method that has been refined for ELL students and it will in turn give them the ability to express themselves in a oral manner as well as give them different writing techniques to be more successful in school. CALP and BICS coincide with one another. If English is going to be taught, it is imperative that what is being taught is understood and because of this there needs to be a proper approach to learning. David Corson points out that there are “major lexical differences” (Calderon, 2012) between language of text and the words cannot be broken down into meaningful words that are understood. The difference between BICS and CALP is that BICS is considered to be undemanding. It is understood that this language is considered “PLAY” language that is used in everyday social interactions. The language differs greatly because it relates to thinking skills needed in the classroom because it relates to classifying, evaluating, hypothesizing, or inferring. These areas listed help in the classroom to advance student’s cognition. Although children retain the ability to speak easily about daily activities by the age of five, it is very possible that these same children will have to spend more than five to seven years to fully acquire the language. When these children are faced with language difficulties it takes a progressive toll on their self-esteem as well. They tend to be labeled due to their inability to understand the language. It is understood that English Language Learner’s are becoming the fastest growing population in U.S. schools to date. “By 2015, ELL’s enrollment in U.S. schools will reach 10 million, and by 2025, nearly out of every four public school students will be ELL” (Roekel, 2008). “It is believed that at least two thirds will come from low income families.” (Roekel, 2008) It is also understood that these English language learners are not performing at a substantial level. Since this group is greatly disadvantaged, it is more than likely that the dropout rate will flourish as well. In retrospect, there has to be better solution on how to alleviate the frustrations of the English Language Learner. Although (NCLB) No Child Left Behind was once known to be the worst thing…