Basic Memory Concepts: Incidental Versus Intentional Memory

Submitted By natalbug69
Words: 661
Pages: 3

In the Basic Memory Concepts: Incidental Versus Intentional memory experiment, the following hypothesis was made: subjects who remained standing during the memory experiment given will be more likely to remember more of the given words than the students who will be sitting down during this experiment. The purpose of this experiment is to demonstrate how learning occurs through perception, and also to demonstrate the impact of intentional learning.

Six subjects were used to carry out this experiment. Of the six, four were female and two were male. The first subject was female, 18 years old, and completed the experiment in a noisy classroom. The second and third subjects were also female, 17 years old, and completed this experiment in the same noisy classroom. The fourth subject was female, 53 years old, and completed the experiment in a quiet room. The fifth subject was male, 15 years old, and also completed the experiment in a quiet room. The six subject used in this experiment was male, 52 years old, and completed the experiment in a quiet room also. Subjects two, three, and six were sitting, and Subjects one, four, and five were standing during this experiment.

The materials needed to complete this experiment were the six subjects (three of which are standing, three of which are sitting), the (12) words from the list given, something to write with (pen or pencil), something to write on (table or desk), and watch or a timer to time out one minute.

Start by dividing subjects into two groups, standing and sitting. The “experimental group” are the subjects who are standing. Give the following instructions to the subjects:
“I will read a list of words, one minute after I am done you are to write down as many words as you can remember. The rest of the class will be silently observing your behavior.”
Next, read the following list of words to the standing and sitting subjects:
“Bear, sparrow, deer, wolf, hawk, trout, lion, eagle, shark, raccoon, robin, dolphin”.
Start the clock and time on minute (60 seconds). After the minute is over, instruct all subjects to write down as many of the words they remember. Collect the data from the subjects and record.

Subject number five had remembered the most words after a minute. He had remembered 10 of the 12. Subject number four and subject number six had both remembered 8 of the 12 words after a minute. Subject one had remembered 7 of the 12, and subject