November 28, 2012
There are three significant approaches in normative ethics such as quality ethics, deontological ethics, and utilitarianism. This paper will evaluate the resemblances and variations between quality concept, utilitarianism, and deontological principles. It will include information of the variations in how each concept details ethics and morality, and it will also discuss an experience to describe the relationship between quality, principles, and ethical principles as their associate with one of the three principles.
Differences in How These Theories Address Ethics and Morality
The ethics of virtue emphasizes the virtues instead of the consequences or the rules. Deontology puts emphasizes adhering to the rules and their duties and utilitarianism emphasizes more on what actions create the most good for everyone and the consequences. In our weekly readings we found that virtue ethics is also known as an agent-based or character ethical theory (Boylan, 2009). When using this approach one must choose to do their best in all their choices about life. Looking into utilitarianism we can see that its strengths are set on the actions of moral and the outcome of its consequences. According to Boylan (2009), an action is morally right in utilitarianism if the action produces a better solution for the group and is the best alternative for everyone involved. An ethical decision is forced to be considered depending on all the consequences with this ethical theory. In the ethical theory of deontology one can see that more ethical weight is placed on the adherence to rules and laws to decide what is considered to be ethical. With this theory the emphasis is placed on the action itself instead of the consequences and the outcome of the action. The Ten Commandments and how to follow them is a perfect example that many religions use for this ethical theory.
Virtue ethics, deontological ethics, and utilitarianism are the three significant techniques in normative ethics. Virtue ethics focuses on the benefits, or ethical personality, and deontology focuses on responsibilities or guidelines, and utilitarianism focuses on the repercussions of activities. Virtue ethics is also called agent-based or personality ethics. According to Boylan (2009), when using the quality principles approach, one should take the point of view that in living their lifestyle they should try growing quality in all that one does. It motivates people to create their personality as the basis for the good lifestyle. Utilitarianism is a way of consequentialism, significance that the ethical worth of an activity is established by its result. Utilitarianism indicates that an activity is fairly right when that activity generates more total application for the group than any other alternative (Boylan, 2009). Deontological principles