Immunotherapy is a form of medical treatment intended to stimulate or restore the ability of the immune system to fight infection and disease. This can be by inducing, enhancing, or suppressing an immune response. Immunotherapies designed to elicit or amplify an immune response are classified as activation immunotherapies, while those that reduce or suppress immune response are suppression immunotherapies. Active immunotherapy has been effective against agents that normally cause acute self-limiting infectious disease. However, a more effective immunotherapy for chronic infectious diseases or cancer requires the use of appropriate target antigens; the …show more content…
The diagnostic laboratory in 2020
In the past decades, clinical diagnostic laboratories have undergone important changes with the introduction of molecular biology techniques and laboratory automation. These changes have evolved in response to clinical needs. One of the greatest challenges in modern medicine is the ability to provide accurate diagnostic laboratory tests in developing countries and in remote areas where conventional analytical laboratories are even lacking. This is due to the fact that science and technology typically require large amounts of investment in terms of both capital and personnel training of which government of such areas are unwilling to invest in.
However, this is not the case in the developed world. Current trends in the growth of diagnostic laboratories in various areas including bacteriology, mycology,