94% (Lewis et al, 1994).
(2002) found that 88 percent of young British juvenile offenders were prone to recidivism within about two years after their release from custody.
The U.S. Department of Education however, found that 83% of the juvenile of fenders incarcerated in prisons have reading problems ( www.newhopecharitablefoundation.org ). It appears that students who are unable to perform well in school feel that they are stupid or inferior and unlikely to succeed in life, which in turn leads them into drugs and a life of crime.
As a result, including educational programs in prisons may be beneficial in reducing the recidivism rates by providing offenders the opportunity to improve their chan ces of getting a job rather than having no other option but to offend again.
This res earch study will examine the benefits of educational programs and poses the research question:
Can improvement in educational programs lead to a reduction in the tendency to take up criminal activity?
Behrman and Stacey (1997) are of the view that providing training in parenting and following this up with early childhood education, school based supervision of teenagers and getting them involved in educational programs desig ned to promote community cohesion could be hel pful in reducing crime
(Behrman and Stacey, 1997:240). This implies that schools can play a significant role in reducing crime by providing education and supervision necessary to prevent young people turning to a life of crime.
Another study that was carried out to examine the association between mental health disorders and offending identified four key groups of young people with emotional and behavioral difficulties as being at risk for offending. The study f ound that recidivism is more prevalent among young offenders with mental health problems, with young people from ethnic minorities being over represented.
ince crime tends to be centred in low income, http://bestresearchpaper.com minority group neighbourhoods, this further suggests t hat educational programs could help to address the causes of crime such as poverty, by providing a means to less affluent members of society to be able to find a means to improve their lot and their chances of succeeding in later life. (Behrman and Stacey,
In a study of young prison inmates, the findings suggested t hat criminal behaviou r in juveniles could be deterred by offering solutions such as better educational opportunities through smaller classes and more individual teacher at tention, spor ts program s, training for jobs and greater involvement by churches (De la Torre, 1997). For example, in the U.K., adolescents are being offered the opportunity to train as apprentices, in order to better prepare them and equip them with the necessary job s kills to function within a competitive environment. In yet another study that was carried out by Dr. Stan Kaseno at the San
juvenile hall, the findings showed that 70 to 75% of the inmates who ha d problems in visual processing ( www.newhopecharitablefoundation.org ). Most of these inmates also demonstrated recidivism and were not in prison for the first time. Dr. Kaseno found however, that when these inmates were given educational vision de velopment exercises to correct the problems of convergence, tracking and similar problems, the rates of recidivism of such prisoners dropped to below 16%. This provides a strong indication that the vision processing problems could well have contributed to the feelings of inferiority of the inmates, leading to low self esteem. This also places such young people experiencing feelings of low self worth at risk of