Liker, J. K., & Morgan, J. (2011). Lean Product Development as a System: A case study of body and stamping development at Ford. Engineering Management Journal, 23(1), 16-28. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
The authors in this journal present the case study of body and stamping development at Ford. A System view of a lean product development is presented in integrated people, process, and tools. The approach of this system is derived from Toyota’s product development system. The success of the Ford Motor Company is based on this system, principles, and methods based on this system model. These principles were applied with a great success at Ford Motors, which made the company financially successful and award winning world-class product designer.
Radeka, K. (2007). The Toyota product development system: Integrating people, process and technology by James M. Morgan and Jeffrey K. Liker. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 24(3), 276-278. doi:10.1111/j.1540-5885.2007.00250_1.x
This journal consists of the thirteen principles of Toyota Product Development System. The Toyota system includes not only machines but also policies and standard operating procedures of an organization. The term system suggests multiple interdependent parts that interact to create a complex structure. It is not possible to fully understand the system simply by looking at its individual parts, but only