Arabic word meaning to surrender
Arabic word meaning one who submits to the will of God
Arabic word for God
One transcendent unlike anything in ordinary human experience
Misconception Allah as fierce or harsh
Rather Muslims focus on Allah’s mercy and gentleness
2) Pope / Patriarch
Patriarch – A Christian bishop of the early Church in certain major cities of the Roman Empire. This title is still in use in Eastern Churches today
Western Europe United
A Holy Roman Empire
King ruled over all the landlords of his kingdom
Lord rented land to vassals through allegiances that were usually for military purposes
Serfs farmed the land and gave a portion to the Lord of the land
6) Lay Investiture
Practice of kings or lords naming Church leaders
Payment for the appointment to a church office
Practice of those who chose to remain unmarried in dedicating themselves entirely to God
9) Cluny Reform
10) Truce of God
Meeting of cardinals to elect a pope
12) East-West Schism
A severe ecclesiastical penalty that excludes the offender from taking part in the Eucharist or other sacrament
A method of intellectual inquiry dominant in western Christian civilization from the Middle Ages until the 17th century, and into the 20th century among Catholic scholars
Series of religious wars over Jerusalem
During the early 13th century two religious groups were formed which would greatly impact the Church
Dominicans (Order of Preachers)
Franciscans (Order of Friars Minor)
Both groups are known as mendicant orders
Religious communities whose members live among people and rely on the charity of others
Those who basically survive on the generosity of others
When heretics were excommunicated from the Church
18) Black Death
Killed 1/3 of Europe
19) Papal Bull
A formal decree
20) Avignon Papacy
The cardinals reached a compromise that they hoped would appease both the English and the French.
21) Great Western Schism
Chaotic period in Church history lasting from 1378 to 1417 A.D
Popes in 1414 A.D.
Gregory XII in Rome
Benedict XIII in Avignon
John XXIII in Pisa
John XXIII forced to call a council in Constance Italy
Martin V elected as the true successor of St. Peter held office from 1417 to 1431 A.D.
Knowledge of God through experience; an intense experience of communion with God
23) 95 Theses
Martin Luther’s statement of principles regarding penance and the abuse of indulgences.
A series of political and religious events beginning in the sixteenth century that resulted in the division of western Christianity into catholic and protestant communities.
25) Counter Reformation / Council of Trent
Post reformation meeting of the worlds catholic bishops to reform the church and clarify catholic teaching.
The remission of temporal punishment resulting from sin for oneself and also for the souls in purgatory.
27) Peace of Augsburg/cuius region, eius religio
Allowed each prince to decide the religion of his subjects.
28) Sola Scriptura
29) Deposit of Faith
30) Justification by faith
Gods gracious act of rendering a sinful human to be holy and endowed with grace or as acceptable to God.
Belief that god has selected some people for hell and others for heaven regardless of any personal actions or merit.
People & Groups:
Charlemagne French for Charles the Great
In 771 A.D. as King of the Franks he attempted to enlarge his kingdom by unifying Christian tribes
By 800 A.D. he basically was in control of Western Europe except Spain (Muslim)
Thus his coronation really didnt give him any power
Emperor in Constantinople was furious about the