Who? --Clara Harlowe Barton
What? -- She is remembered as the founder of the American Red Cross. Her only prewar medical experience came when she nursed her invalid brother for two years.
When? -- 1881-1904
Where? -- Barton lived in Washington, D.C. For 3 years she followed army operations throughout the Virginia Theater and in the Charleston, S.C., area, Fredericksburg, Va., and Camp Parole, Md.
Why? – When the 6th Massachusetts Regiment arrived in the city after the Baltimore Riots, she organized a relief program for the soldiers, beginning a lifetime of philanthropy.
Who? -- Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
What? -- He served the shortest term ever, January 23-28 as superintendent at West Point. His Confederate assignments include brigadier general, CSA, and commander of several posts in the South. He was eventually forced to evacuate Corinth, Mississippi-his supply base in the face of Henry W. Halleck's overwhelming force. Shortly after that he went on sick leave without gaining Davis' permission; he was permanently relieved of his army and departmental commands on June 27, 1862, by special direction of the president
When? – 1861-1864
Where? –Superintendent at West Point and served several posts as commander in the South at Potomac, the Charleston Harbor, Virginia, North and South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Georgia, and Tennessee.
Why? – His Southern leanings probably resulted in his prompt removal as Superintendent at West Point. He drafted the attack orders for Shiloh and took command when Johnston was mortally wounded on the first day of the battle. On the evening of the first day he let victory slip through his fingers by calling off the attacks. Controversy over his decision has raged to this day. The next day he was driven from the field by Grant's and Buell's combined armies.
Ulysses S. Grant
Who? -- Ulysses Simpson Grant
What? -- He served as regimental quartermaster during most of the Mexican War. He was awarded a major general in the regular army. After organizing and mustering state volunteers and with the aid of local Congressman Elihu B. Washburne, he got his second military career off to a start. Commander-in-chief, United States Army (March 12, 1864 - March 4, 1869)
When? -- (June 17, 1861) April 1863
Where? -- Vicksburg.,2Ist Illinois, commanding District of Ironton, Western Department, commanding U.S. Forces Jefferson City, Western Department ,commanding Post of Cape Girardeau, Western Department, commanding District of Southeast Missouri, Western Department commanding District of Southeast Missouri, Department of the Missouri commanding District of Cairo, Department of the Missouri ,commanding District of West Tennessee, Department of