Essay on BIOLOGY STUDY

Submitted By ebony_turner_9_9_2_5
Words: 630
Pages: 3

BIOLOGY STUDY

Australian enviroment
Threats:
1. Over population
Pollution
Animal become endangered from loss of habitat
Deforestation
Loss of biodiversity

2. Land clearing
Mining
Logging
Farming
mining
urbanization

3. Climate change
High water levels
Under oxygenated water
Hotter temperatures
Increasing temperatures

4. Drought
Party habitable
Lack of permanent water
Water quality:
1. Dissolved oxygen
Good for the water
Higher the amount the better the water is
Released by plants and aquatic life

2. Temperature
Lower water temp is better
The higher the temperature is, the less amount of dissolved oxygen there is

3. Turbidity
How clear the water is
The lower the number the cleaner the water is
Run off from the rain

4. PH level
Neural is best (7.0)


Effects of too much phosphates and nitrates in the water:

1 Algae take up the phosphorous and grow too much
2 Algae dies and sinks to the bottom
3 Bacteria at the bottom decompose the dead algae using up oxygen in the process
4 Oxygen levels droop, killing fish or aquatic insects
5 Phosphorous continues to enter the water
6 The cycle continues

Symbiotic relationships

Symbiosis - two species living together
Type of symbiosis:
1 Commensalism
2 Parasitism
3 Mutualism
4 Exploitation
 
Commensalism:
One species benefits and the other is neither harmed nor helped.
Example; epiphytes, a plant, such as an orchid that grows on a tree and is dependent on the tree for mechanical support while the tree is not harmed
 
Parasitism:
One species benefits (parasite) and the other is harmed (host). A parasite taps onto the cellular system of its host.
Examples; lampreys, leeches, fleas, ticks, tapeworms - the host is harmed and the parasite benefits as it obtains nutrients from the host.
 
Mutualism:
Beneficial to both species.
Example; clownfish and the sea anemone. The clownfish protects the anemone from anemone-eating fish, and in turn the stinging tentacles of the anemone protect the clownfish from its predators.
 
Exploitation:
One organism benefit while the other organism is harmed and threatened to die out.
Example; cane toad -- if they lay their eggs in a dam, the native frog species who are in the minority struggle to survive and mature.











Monoculture or Polyculture?



Mono culture Challenges:
Loss of habitat
Spraying
Irrigation
Erosion
Pollination
Soil degradation
 
Examples in Australia
Cotton
Strawberries
Pineapple
Potatoes
Bananas
Corn

Polyculture:
Poly culture is best for the enviroment
Stops erosion
Help fight weeds
Increases biodiversity
more effective for farmers


Endangered species
1.