Biomaterials are used in the manufacture of medical devices Essay

Submitted By arasona
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Biomaterials are used in the manufacture of medical devices, making them biocompatible. Medical devices are subject to strict regulatory standards. Medical technology development has negatively impacted plastic materials used in medical applications.
Biomaterials are either of synthetic or natural origin used in effective treatment of several diseases such as cardiovascular, dental problems, tissue damage, bone cancer, and orthopedic injuries. These biomaterials have a key requirement of being biocompatible i.e. they should be physiologically acceptable and not provoke any immunogenic reaction in the human body. Biomaterials of significant importance which have been proven to be safe, reliable, and affordable include ceramics, metals, polymers and biomaterials derived from natural origin. Aging population across the globe is pushing demand for numerous medical implants and graft transplant procedures which will further propel the growth of biomaterials market. In addition, worldwide increase in life expectancy due to improved healthcare infrastructure has resulted in a high incidence of arthritis and osteoporosis. This continues to propel the medical implants market to alleviate increasing morbidity among geriatrics. Advancement in the medical technology has evolved the efficiency and functionality of medical implants and its procedures which in turn has been the major driver for growth of biomaterials market.
The biomaterials market has been segmented on the basis of material types and further segmented on the basis of applications of these biomaterials in healthcare. In 2012, the metal as a biomaterial accounted for largest market share in the global biomaterials market, followed by rapidly growing polymer biomaterials segment. Polymers are estimated to grow with a fastest growth rate during the forecast period of 2013 to 2019 owing to the increasing applications into healthcare and its unique material properties such as flexibility, biocompatibility and durability.
Get Sample Report at : Polymers are being used in a variety of implants such as percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) catheters, heart valves, contact lenses, intraocular lenses and for constructing rigid bases for dental prosthesis and dentures. Other applications in which polymers are used as biomaterials include urology and gastroenterology. In 2012, orthopedic applications commanded major share in the global biomaterials market due to increasing number of hip and knee replacement performed across all geographies and increasing usage in sports medicine. However, ophthalmic applications are expected to propel the growth of biopolymers in particular as children, adults and elderly population is considered susceptible to ophthalmic disorders.
In developed nations like the…