I choose to do mine over the Davon He is a five year old African American male whom recently moved to Chicago. He is visiting a new pediatrician for a kindergarten physical. His mother informs the nurse that she carries sickle cell trait, and she wants to make sure her son Davon gets screened for it. Davon might have the sickle cell trait. According to my research Sickle cells are inherited, and can be passed from generation to generation. Sickle cells are caused by a mutation in the gene that tells your body to produce the hemoglobin, the red iron rich compound that gives your blood color. Hemoglobin allows red blood cells to carry oxygen from your lungs to all the different parts of your body. Having abnormal hemoglobin causes red blood cells to come sticky misshaped and rigid (Mayo Clinic, 2014). Hemoglobin S and Hemoglobin C are abnormal types of hemoglobin. Normal red blood cells are soft and round and can squeeze through tiny blood tubes (vessels). Normally, red blood cells live for about 120 days before new ones replace them. People with sickle cell conditions make a different form of hemoglobin A called Hemoglobin S (which stands for sickle). Red blood cells that have hemoglobin s don’t live as long as a normal red blood cell. They end up becoming stiff and have difficulty being able to be pass through the body small blood vessels (Sickle Cell Disease Association of America, 2014). Which makes the blood flow unevenly and makes it hard for the blood to be able to reach the body parts it needs to. When the blood doesn’t reach the places in the body that it need to it than in the long run will cause damage. In the statement it doesn’t state any symptoms that the patient Davon has, it just states that his mother has it which puts him at a higher risk of getting this. Some symptoms would include things like Delayed growth, having vision problems, hand-foot syndrome, frequent infections, episodes of pain, and anemia. That didn’t say if he had any of those symptoms though, although being checked at the doctor they would be able to pick up within their records if they have been having any delayed growth. Or they would be able to share the different types of things that they are experiencing. Some complications may increase with sickle cell, if people are in these types of situations including being under pressure, like going diving down in the ocean. Low oxygen levels in the air, like if someone is mountain climbing. Dehydration, and high altitudes if they are flying in an air plane (CDC, 2014). Making sure that you are very cautious of these things when people have sickle cell disease is very important and something that you need to be cautious of at all time because your…
Presented and written by Adaoma Nwogu
What is a blood disorder?
There are many types of blood disorders that
are treated in different ways depending on the
type and severity of the disorder. Only few
people with blood disorders will need a stem
cell transplant. Some are easily treated while
others are life-threatening.
Blood disorders can affect any part of your
Red blood cells which carry oxygen round
White blood cells which fight infection.
Anemia is a genetic disorder that occurs when a child inherits two sickle hemoglobin genes, one from each parent. Sickle cell is not contagious, and you must be born with it. Normal red blood cells are round and flexible, while people with the Sickle Cell disease have blood cells that are crescent shaped. The Sickle-shaped red blood cells break apart easily, and do not live as long as normal red blood cells. Damaged red blood cells tend to clump together and stick to the walls of blood vessels blocking…
There are many disorders of blood which some can be treated and cured and others cannot. Every component of blood plays an essential part to make the blood flow evenly and thoroughly throughout the body. There are many disorders that have deficiency for the certain item that should be eating through a daily diet. When the body doesn’t review these certain vitamins and proteins to help the body work correctly it can result in a neurological and internal change of the…
Everyone’s blood pressure drops at one time or another, often without adverse reaction. Certain conditions can cause prolonged period of hypotension that can become dangerous if left untreated. These include:
• pregnancy (due to an increase in demand for blood from both mother and the growing fetus)
• large amounts of blood loss through injury
• impaired circulation caused by heart attacks or faulty heart valves
• weakness and a state of shock that sometimes accompany dehydration
According to the Mayo clinic, 7-8% of human body weight is from blood. This essential fluid carries out the critical functions of transporting oxygen and nutrients to our cells and getting rid of carbon dioxide, ammonia, and other waste products. Blood is a highly specialized tissue composed of more than 4,000 different kinds of components. Three of the four most important ones are red cells, platelets, and plasma. If an individual suffered…
Blood Study Review:
1. Intracellular- fluid inside the cell (cytosol)
Extracellular- all fluid outside of cells (blood plasma)
2. Human blood is a complex suspension; the fluid part which is the plasma (matrix) contains suspended solids made up of three kinds:
red blood cells/ erythrocytes
white blood cells/ leukocytes-granulocytes and agranulocytes
3. Plasma- 55% of whole blood, 90% of water; solvent for nutrients and gases, 7% protein
composed of plasma and a variety of cells
transports nutrients and wastes
bathes the cells of the body
Nutrients and oxygen diffuse from the blood into the
interstitial fluid & then into the cells
Wastes move in the reverse direction
Hematology is study of blood and blood disorders
liquid portion of blood
cells and cell fragments of blood
red blood cell
white blood cells…
The doctor will perform a blood test to see if the child has normal hemoglobin A and abnormal hemoglobin. The nurse will use a glass tube to extract blood from the child. The plasma proteins and platelets will start to from a clot. The test will find an abnormal hemoglobin S in the red blood cells if the child carries the sickle cell trait. It is common in sickle cell traits to have a little more hemoglobin A than hemoglobin S. Hemoglobin A aids in the red blood cells moving oxygen to the body…
BLOOD AND ITS CONSTITUENTS
The blood is an opaque, rather viscid fluid, of bright red or scarlet colour when its flows from the arteries, of dark red or purple colour when it flows from veins. It is salty to the taste and has a peculiar faint odour. Its temperature is generally about 37°C. The circulatory system is filled with about 5 litre of blood in an adult.
Blood acts as a transport system of the body. It carries numerous cells and chemicals from one part of the body to another.
The blood disorder I covered is Pernicious anemia, this is a deficiency that doesn’t allow the body to absorb enough B-12 into the body. Vitamin B12 is an essential micronutrient required for optimal neuro-cognitive and cardiovascular function. The body needs vitamin B12 to make red blood cells. The lack of producing enough B12 leads to a weakened nervous and digestive system. In adults typical symptoms include loss of energy, blurred vision, and abnormal gait.
This affect the community that…