Blood disorders Essay

Submitted By kelsie9266
Words: 707
Pages: 3

I choose to do mine over the Davon He is a five year old African American male whom recently moved to Chicago. He is visiting a new pediatrician for a kindergarten physical. His mother informs the nurse that she carries sickle cell trait, and she wants to make sure her son Davon gets screened for it. Davon might have the sickle cell trait. According to my research Sickle cells are inherited, and can be passed from generation to generation. Sickle cells are caused by a mutation in the gene that tells your body to produce the hemoglobin, the red iron rich compound that gives your blood color. Hemoglobin allows red blood cells to carry oxygen from your lungs to all the different parts of your body. Having abnormal hemoglobin causes red blood cells to come sticky misshaped and rigid (Mayo Clinic, 2014). Hemoglobin S and Hemoglobin C are abnormal types of hemoglobin. Normal red blood cells are soft and round and can squeeze through tiny blood tubes (vessels). Normally, red blood cells live for about 120 days before new ones replace them. People with sickle cell conditions make a different form of hemoglobin A called Hemoglobin S (which stands for sickle). Red blood cells that have hemoglobin s don’t live as long as a normal red blood cell. They end up becoming stiff and have difficulty being able to be pass through the body small blood vessels (Sickle Cell Disease Association of America, 2014). Which makes the blood flow unevenly and makes it hard for the blood to be able to reach the body parts it needs to. When the blood doesn’t reach the places in the body that it need to it than in the long run will cause damage. In the statement it doesn’t state any symptoms that the patient Davon has, it just states that his mother has it which puts him at a higher risk of getting this. Some symptoms would include things like Delayed growth, having vision problems, hand-foot syndrome, frequent infections, episodes of pain, and anemia. That didn’t say if he had any of those symptoms though, although being checked at the doctor they would be able to pick up within their records if they have been having any delayed growth. Or they would be able to share the different types of things that they are experiencing. Some complications may increase with sickle cell, if people are in these types of situations including being under pressure, like going diving down in the ocean. Low oxygen levels in the air, like if someone is mountain climbing. Dehydration, and high altitudes if they are flying in an air plane (CDC, 2014). Making sure that you are very cautious of these things when people have sickle cell disease is very important and something that you need to be cautious of at all time because your