Body Modification. The term can have weird and scary implications for people who have no personal interest or experience in the subject, and it can be all too easy to judge or malign its participants and practitioners. But in reality, to willfully modify one’s body is to take part in a culture and tradition that spans class, race, and human history like nothing else. In the simplest terms, “body modification” means to deliberately alter one’s physical appearance, though people usually assume the phrase applies only to such practices as tattooing and piercing or the more esoteric branding and scarification. However, all one has to do is look at society’s present definition of aesthetic to discover that almost all of us engage in some form of body modding or other. For instance, it would be pretty hard to find a woman these days who doesn’t have her ears pierced, and one of the most involved, long-term, and committed types of body modification, bodybuilding, is not often even considered to be so. And, of course, surgical body modification has become extremely common in the form of cosmetic surgery, but that’s rarely considered shocking or odd unless the procedure goes wrong or the resulting aesthetic is outside of the socially accepted standard of beauty. In every group of humans in known and recorded history, there have been members who modified their bodies. The reasons behind their choices vary widely, even within a single society. In many cultures around the world, social status, group affiliations, and wealth are advertised with jewelry and adornments; in others, deeper meanings are behind the punctures, scars, and tattoos they wear. In certain African cultures, for instance, rites of passage successfully completed are denoted by scarring all over the face and body, painfully administered by the practiced hand of an elder or religious leader, the discomfort bravely endured by the new initiate, and the marks worn proudly ever after. In some groups of people in India and Southeast Asia, genital modifications are sought after by devotees of the arts of love, and desired and preferred by their partners. And, of course, in almost every culture there are modifications that are done purely for aesthetic reasons–adornment and beautification of both sexes and all genders, striving towards an accepted goal or standard of human perfection within their culture. It’s a commonly accepted misconception that body piercing is a relatively recent trend or fashion, but ear piercing, of course, is incredibly common in almost every culture throughout history, with a huge range of legends, myths, and meanings behind the jewelry worn and its placement. Nostril piercing has been documented in the Middle East as far back as 4,000 years. The fashion continued in India in the sixteenth century, and is still widely practiced there to this day. Both ear and nostril piercing and jewelry are mentioned in the Bible: Genesis 24:22, Isaiah 3:21.(New International Version) And piercings in other parts of the body, such as labret or lip piercings, are widely practiced often in the form of enlarged piercings and lip discs. Tribes across Africa, in Southeast Asia, and in North and South America all participate in lip piercing. And today, of course, all of these types of piercings are still practiced in the West, though the primary motivation behind them is aesthetic adornment and enhancement. Tattooing, as we know it, can be documented as far back as 3300 BCE as seen in the discovery of Otzi the Iceman in 1991 and ancient Egyptian mummies bearing tattoos of animals and various creatures. (PBS) The practice, however, is believed to have originated over 10,000 years ago. The mechanics of tattooing have changed a bit over the years, and the pigments and inks used have wildly improved in recent times, but whether hand-tapped, poked with a single needle, or administered with the telltale buzz of a modern tattoo machine, the basic reasons behind the choice to
and exercises on several different occasions until you are comfortable.
b. When you are comfortable with Module A, move on to Module B
(pages 14 to 20). After several sessions, move on to Module C (pages
21 to 27) and then onto Module D (pages 28 to 34) at your own pace.
The University of Georgia
WHEN YOU EXERCISE
• Check with your doctor before starting any new
• Wear loose fitting, comfortable clothing, and
proper shoes that offer safety…
INSTITUTIONAL ANIMAL ETHICS COMMITTEE
(TO BE FILLED BY INVESTIGATOR)
1. Type of Animals used (Please Tick) Number of Animals requested
2. Clearance nature recommended (Please Tick)
1. Routine (Sacrificing for tissue and no extended treatment-
injections or surgical)…
A Marketing Plan Presented By: David D. Castro-Arce
Professor: Ronald Weber
Table of Contents
1. Executive Summary
2. Company Description
3. Strategic Focus and Plan
4. Situation Analysis
5. Market-Product Focus
Points of Difference
hardest substance in the body 4. attaches the tooth to bone and surrounding alveolar structures 5. portion of the tooth embedded in bone 6. forms the major portion of tooth structure; similar to bone 7. produces the dentin 8. site of blood vessels, nerves, and lymphatics 9. entire portion of the tooth covered with enamel ; the number of permanent teeth is
Key: a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. 32
anatomical crown cementum clinical crown dentin enamel…
“decent with modification)
B. Natural selection explains how evolution can occur
1. 4 main principles to theory of natural selection
A. Variation- variations in populations are basis for natural selection.
b. Overproduction- organisms produce more offspring than will survive (creates competition)
c. Adaptation- Some adaptations allow organism to survive at higher rate and individuals are “naturally selected” to survive and produce offspring
d. Descent with Modification- Over time, natural…
define obesity is having excess body fat. To determine if an individual is overweight, a measurement is calculated by the use of a body mass index (BMI). According to the World Health Organization, a measurement of one’s weight in kilograms divided by the square of one’s height in meters determins body mass index. An individual is considered obese if they possess a body mass index of at least 30 kilograms per square meter. Morbid obesity is defined as possessing a body mass index of at least 40 kilograms…
Isabela Island tortoise Hood Island tortoise
5. What important information about the Galápagos Islands tortoises did Darwin learn?
Darwin learned that the shell shape of a tortoise could be used to identify the island it inhabited.
6. Given its body structure, which tortoise above would require a habitat where food is easy to reach?
Because the Isabela Island tortoise has a short neck that restricts the movement of its head, it would require a habitat where food is easy to reach.
|necessary for the body function but they can be harmful if too much is consumed. This is a danger especially if it is from fats |
|or carbohydrates. This is eating way more than the requirement or needed. |
|Undernutrition is not eating enough nutritional food. This affects how the nutrients in the body are balance…
Genetic modification is the process by which an organism, plant or animal has had its genetic material changed in a process that does not occur naturally. The process works by either isolating a gene of an organism and joining it with the genes of another organism or by altering the already existing DNA in order to produce a desired quality in the organism or to gain more insight into genetic technology.(Phillips, T. 2008)( What is genetic modification? 2007)