History Of The Federative Republic Of Brazil

Submitted By xatomicathletex
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The Federative Republic of Brazil was established in 1993, counter to its previous monarchy rule. Similar to the United States, Brazil has a three-way division of power. The first wing of their government is the Executive, which is led by their President. The current president of Brazil is Dilma Vana Roussef, who is Brazil’s first woman president. The President is also the Chief of State and appoints his/her own cabinet, once again similar to the America. Brazil’s legislative branch is controlled by their Congress, which is made up of two houses consisting of the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies. The buildings of these two houses have an ultra-modern design. You must be Brazillian born to be apart of the Legislative branch. The third branch is the Judiciary in which the highest court is the Supreme Federal Tribunial. In Brazil’s court system, the President appoints Supreme Court Judges and the Senate approves them. The Federal Republic of Brazil has many government similarities to the United States (Heinrichs 60-64).
Covering 8,514,877 sq kilometers of land, Brazil is the Earth’s 5th largest country (Central Intelligence Agency). A tropical climate covers most of Brazil with delightful temperatures all year round, although temperate, cooler climates are prevalent in Southern Brazil. Forests cover approximately half of Brazil, the largest and most notorious one being the Amazon Rain Forest, which is home to the most tree species on Earth. One fourth of medicine, originates from the Amazon rainforest. How exactly can medicine come from a rainforest? Actually the medicine is derived from the leave extracts, bark, and insects that are in the forest (Heinrichs 39). Brazil’s lush atmosphere and tropical climate help sustain its abundant plant-life.
There are more species of Trees in the Amazon rain forest than anywhere else on Earth. Rain forests act as the “garden for plants”, especially since the plants are sinking their roots into lush soil containing rotting leaves and animal droppings. Deforestation specifically in the Amazon Basin is very prevalent in Brazil (Central Intelligence Agency). Deforestation destroys habitats, and endangers wildlife. Although now the government has been active in the efforts to reduce deforestation, in fact Brazil is home to twenty-four national forests, and three ecological reserves (Heinrichs 42).
Brazil has a lot of land and many different kinds of landscape. Since it is like that, they divide it into highlands and lowlands. In the highlands, it covers the Brazilian Highlands and Guiana Highlands, which covers more than one half of Brazil. The major things in the lowlands are the Amazon Basin and part of the Paraguay River System.
The West Central Region covers about one fourth of Brazil’s land and five percent of the population. Brasilia, Brazil's capital, is located here. The West Central Region is covered mostly by swamps, marshes, and many lakes. Little agriculture happens here too. The average rainfall is about forty inches. It is the rainy season from October to April. But, this region is expected to grow a lot because of industries starting to grow and livestock growing.
Brazil is home to a plethora of stunning wildlife. Their jungle is home to many active animals including parrots (red, green, and blue); scarlet macaws, toucans, and Howler monkeys. Howler monkeys are the largest species of primate in Brazil. The Amazon River also contains an abundance of wildlife. The Pirarucu` is the world’s largest freshwater fish and is located in the Amazon. Contradictory to the Amazon’s Piranhas, who are meat eaters, the Piraucu’s diet consists of fruit. Being a fruit eater, it has the capability to vault out of the water to catch the fruits. Although dolphins mainly reside in freshwater, the species of Pink Dolphins swim about in the Amazon river. Since most of the fish in the Amazon are edible, many are sold in Brazil’s fish markets for prophet.
Brazil has a