Anne-Robert-Jacques Turgot’s article Foundations was published in 1757 and was a very radical way of thinking for the time. Turgot discusses his opinion on “foundations” which involved corporate charities that were created to aid the community. He felt the underlying motives of the charities were aimed solely to the benefit of the founder and their self-worth, and not to fixing the true problems that were present and all the more increasing with these foundations. He also discusses how these charities change over time and the negative effect it has. Turgot then presents his ideas on what we should do to end “foundations”, and what should be done instead to further the public good. Turgot felt that charities may have had good intentions but there was more harm caused in the long run than any benefit and claimed, “Is it not very easy to do harm in wishing to do good”. Because most of these charities looked to have good intentions the public was blind to the ill that would come to society as a result. He points out, “misery is most common and most widespread in precisely the countries where these charitable resources are most abundantly available”. When we provide free subsistence we subsidize idleness according to Turgot. As we give to the poor and create free services we give them no desire to improve upon themselves. There is no desire to work when you can get what you need for free. This attitude which was stimulated by the charities created more beggars and loafers. There was also an example given of the establishment of the houses of asylum for repentant women. These houses were set up to provide shelter for women that were former prostitutes. They would need to provide proof of their debauched life to be accepted. This charity did nothing to prevent the cause of debauchery which was the true issue, but overlooked this and provided a means of housing for prostitutes. If anything this would encourage prostitution as after participating in such debauchery they would then have somewhere to go and be accepted. This cause and effect relation that Turgot implies is resulting from charities is further solidified when he provides an analogy of charity provided to a well-run state with no poor, “An institution offering free assistance to a certain number of men would soon create some poor”. These charities will break down a state, creating more beggars and thus increasing crime and hurting the overall good of society. Turgot felt over time charities begin to break down and it is impossible to maintain their function, stating “There is no body that has not in the long run lost the sense of its original purpose”. He felt with time we start to do things by habit and lose the original desire we once had. He references how we feel when we first visit a hospital and the feeling you have toward humanity and the emotions toward the people in misery. With habit the workers in the hospital lose this feeling and he observes their lack of concern toward the patients as they carry out their daily duties. The original enthusiasm that was once had is lost with habit according to Turgot. As a result the purpose of a foundation cannot be fulfilled continuously and idleness is created. This idleness that Turgot refers to creates inaction. This has a trickle effect through the management of the foundation, each becoming less likely to take any action to expose any issues within the foundation. Any monetary interest will supersede taking any action as profit has become the aspect of the foundation. This creates a cycle of foundations that are degenerated and then replaced again and again, instead of being changed for the better. The founders obviously take more concern to the distinction that comes with creating new foundations. The other issue according to Turgot is that needs change over time so what was once…
BREAKING THE CYCLE
Breaking the Cycles within Welfare
FS1500 Foundations for Accelerated Learning
October 20, 2013
BREAKING THE CYCLE
The Pennsylvania welfare system is built upon the premise of assisting individuals and families
in a temporary time of need. The goal is for the recipient to become self-sustaining beyond the
need for public assistance. However, as the welfare system currently operates, there…
March 19, 2014
Throughout the series Breaking Bad, the law plays an important part in the development of the characters. While there are many characters that are strictly on one side of the law, Hank and Walter seem to toggle between the two different sides. Throughout this episode there are a few examples of the law that can be examined. Along with the connections being made to the law, this episode contains many symbols and motifs that…
and you went left. Now it’s the stage no one likes to get to, breaking up. But what I am about to tell you are five tips to making the decision easier and help the feeling of regret fade quicker.
The first person that needs to be worried about is not the other partner but yourself. Questions such as, “what is making me unhappy in this relationship” needs to be asked because those needs to be explained during the process of breaking up with them. “A second category of…another’s actions” (pg 75 chapter3)…
The Volunteer State Foundation endeavors to increase the level of educational attainment by seeking funds to support Volunteer State Community College and it’s students.
Volunteer State Foundation provides funding for capital projects, academic program support, operational expenses not covered by state or federal funds, as well as scholarships for students.
The Foundation hosts several annual events each year to raise funds such as Harvest Moon Soiree, Golf Classic and Educate a Woman. According…
Foundations of Psychology
Foundations of Psychology
Over the years different theories have been established to help understand peoples actions throughout their lives. Psychology is the scientific investigation of mental processes and behavior. Two of the main schools of thought in psychology are structuralism and functionalism.
Structuralism was developed by Edward Titchener, he attempted to to use introspection to uncover…
“Please! No! I don't want to die! I won't tell anyone what happened or what your name is or what you face looks like. I promise! I made a mistake. I won't do it again. I swear. I swear,” I pleaded as the ropes cut into my flesh, pulling my arms back and breaking the bones. Even as I said this, the gruesome scenes replaying through my mind could never be forgotten.
“Don't worry. We'll make sure you won't have a chance to tell on us ever.” The figure laughed maniacally as he…
Foundations of Psychology
Psychology is the scientific investigation of mental process and behavior. Psychological processes occur through the cells in the nervous system. This functionality is used in everyday personal and professional life. Psychology is believed to originate from both philosophy and biology. Philosophy means the Investigation of the nature, causes, or principles of reality, knowledge, or values, based on logical reasoning rather than empirical methods and Biology is defined…
Breaking the norm of Abstinence
BY: Megan Overbey
Abstinence is a word that has become almost meaningless to a lot of people now a days. Abstinence is a term used for waiting to have sex (or saving yourself) until marriage. In today’s Society having sex or as some people refer to it as “scoring” has become more frequent in teens. Older people often talk about how you should withstand from having sex before marriage. In America though it has become more common to have sex rather than wait, for…
July 26, 2015
Many organizations work hard for the betterment of society. They sometimes with very limited resources provide much needed services for the community in which they serve. One such organization is The United Way of America.
What began in the latter part of the nineteenth century as a need to better coordinate the many local and overlapping charities created to help the poor, as well as, to apply a scientific…
October 3, 2012
Macbeth: Breaking Bone Structures
The bones in our body are important. Bones are the little parts that join together to
make a skeleton, which is the structure of every human body. Our skeleton holds organs in
place, gives humans the ability to walk, sit, jump and many more. Similar to our skeletal system,
we have another system, the government. The government tells us what’s right from wrong.
When you are a baby, you are fragile and flexible. You are…