I chose to focus on the topic of breast cancer because multiple members of my family have been diagnosed with this type of cancer. I wanted to research breast cancer due to the fact that there are a large number of women in my family. A number of people in my family have passed due to different types of cancer. Breast cancer, being the most common, I would like to be informed on the signs and symptoms due to the risk that anyone of us could be diagnosed with this type of cancer. “Cancer is an uncontrolled growth of cells, and in this case, breast cells. Cancer occurs as a result of mutations in the genes responsible for regulating the growth of cells and keeping them healthy.” (Breastcancer.org) Over time, these mutations can activate and deactivate others in a cell. That way, the changed cell can now divide without control and can eventually develop a tumor. Tumors are large groups of abnormal cells, and can be malignant or benign, meaning they can be dangerous or harmless. Unfortunately, breast cancer is a malignant tumor that develops in a certain part of the breast, and it can eventually spread to other tissues of the breast. Even though all women are at risk of developing breast cancer, studies show that the incidence rates vary based on age. “Approximately 77% of breast cancer cases occur in women over 50 years of age.” It may also vary based on ethnic backgrounds. “According to the American Cancer Society, white women develop breast cancer at a higher rate than African-American women, but African-American women are more likely to get breast cancer before they are 40, and are more likely to die from it at any age.” (Imaginis.com) Breast cancer is almost always genetic, and not caused by outside forces like the environment. The symptoms of breast cancer include: “swelling or all or part of the breast, skin irritation or dimpling, breast pain, redness, scaliness, or thickening of skin, or lumps in underarm areas.” (Breastcancer.org) Sometimes, those symptoms are less serious conditions such as a cyst or an infection. Still, it’s important to see a doctor if you notice any changes of your breast. This cancer’s diagnostic process can take up to weeks at a time and can include many different kinds of tests. “Breast radiologists quickly diagnose patients using digital mammography, CT, MRI and PET scan imaging.” (Cancer.buemont.edu) There are four stages of breast cancer; moving further throughout the stages, the tumor spreads from the breast to other parts of the body. It gets progressively worse, and the chance of survival lowers. It’s best to detect breast cancer at the earliest point possible so you can receive treatment for it before it gets worse. Treatments for breast cancer include: “surgery, then perhaps radiation, hormonal (anti-estrogen) therapy, and/or chemotherapy.” (Breastcancer.org) Each of these treatments have large amounts of side effects, but they are manageable and
Cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the body. Cancerous cells are also called malignant cells.
Causes, Incidence, and Risk factors
Cells are the building blocks of living things.
Cancer grows out of normal cells in the body. Normal cells multiply when the body needs them, and die when the body doesn't need them. Cancer appears to occur when the growth of cells in the body is out of control and cells divide too quickly. It can also occur when cells forget how to die.…
specialist) to write an informative white paper about the business of developing new drugs for cancer patients.
I must first inform you that cancer itself is responsible for many of my ancestors’ deaths. My birth mother passed away from heart disease (when I was nine years old), my father remarried and for the sake of this article we will call her my second mother (not step). My second mothers’ Father, brother, and sister were all taken as a result of cancer. My father passed away on 22 July 2010…
* Cancer Essay
Cancer is known as the diseases that killing many people all over the world. People of all age could get cancer and all races and even different genders. About 7.5 million people die out of cancer each year. It is very important to know about cancer because it affects so many people and also to help prevented it. This paper will discuss what cancer is, the different types of cancer, the risk factors, treatment of cancer, and prevention of cancer.
Karen R Lindner
Wright Career College
Pancreatic cancer occurs in approximately 29000 patients every year. It is the fourth leading cause of cancer related deaths. Worldwide, pancreatic cancer is the eighth most common cause of death from cancer in both sexes combined. There have been advancements in the perioperative management, but the 5yr survival rate remains unchanged. Surgical resection is still the only potentially curative treatment for the disease…
By: Natalie Pritchard
Human Development 1
27 February 2015
Most people know what breast cancer is or have at least heard about it from others. Other than skin cancer, breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer among American women. Breast cancer is a malignant tumor that starts in the cells of the breast; a tumor is a group of cancer cells that grow in tissue and spread to distant areas of the body. The disease occurs almost entirely…
The esophagus main purpose is to control the passage of food to the stomach, but painful and/or difficulty swallowing makes it hard for food to pass through (dysphagia). Cancer of the esophagus is presented as a malignant tumor arising from the tissue of the esophagus and is known as one of the leading causes of cancer deaths.
There are two main types of esophageal cancer and are named according…
From both sides of my family, cancer is a constant reoccurring problem and it is something that not only affects my family and me, but as well as many, many other people. Almost knows at least one person who has had cancer. Naturally we have a feeling of fear that we might one day get it as well, especially in children. However, cancer in children is very rare, but as adults, the odds of receiving cancer increases. Breast cancer is most common in women whereas prostate cancer is most…
Marieb defines cancer as “A logical, coordinated process in which a precise sequence of tiny alterations change a normal cell into a killer”. The cells that divide uncontrollably are called neoplasm, or a tumor, and there are two types of neoplasm, the benign and the malignant. The benign neoplasm is the less hazardous of the two for it is a slow growing compact mass of cells. Once removed it usually does not recur. In contrast, the malignant neoplasm is more alarming for it grows quickly and…
November 8, 2015
Breast Cancer Prevention
Breast cancer affects more women in the U.S. than any other malignancy. Based on this article, “Hormone prevention strategies for breast, endometrial, and ovarian cancers”, there are three approaches that work to prevent breast cancer. The prevention methods are as follows: SERMS (Tamoxifen, Raloxifene), Al, and Oophorectomy. SERMS are selective estrogen receptor modulators which materialized as the first class…
Biol-172B: Disease Paper #5
Immunotherapy for Pancreatic Cancer
Both as a digestive organ and endocrine gland, the pancreas plays a key role in digestive system and help maintain sugar level in our body. It’s located in the deep of the abdomen and people don’t know it as much as they do about other parts of their bodies, such as liver, lung and stomach. Given by its relatively indistinctive location and not obvious symptoms when people affect pancreatic cancer, pancreatic cancer ranks as the…