British Empire and Textbook Passage Essay

Submitted By mjazzzz
Words: 526
Pages: 3

Each one of these articles bring a slightly different prospective about the Indian Revolution. However, reading them all gives me an idea on the revolution. Starting with the textbook, giving a complete view of the situation mentions that In India, contact with British colonialism stimulated native uprisings that climaxed in 1857. As in cases elsewhere, the rebels built on community loyalty and tradition to foster support for an egalitarian alternative to British dominance.

By reading the textbook and some of the articles, I was interested in researching and looking in depth about the causes of the Indian revolution. In concluded that there isn’t only one or two reasons like some of the authors talked about, looking at all I was convinced that both the textbook passage and the article of Sayed Ahmed Khan were believable. In addition to other researches I concluded the Indian Rev had economic, social, military and political causes.

The most important cause of popular discontent was the British policy of economically exploiting India. This hurt all sections of society. The peasants suffered due to high revenue demands and the strict revenue collection policy. The textbook passage mentions that consolidating its power, the East India Company began to strip Indian aristocracy of their influence and to tax peasants directly. Replacing Indian elites as the administrators, the British began modernization programs that included the industry, military, and infrastructure needed to create a modern state.

Military and social causes and the treaty violations and annexations Discontent; resentment against British rule had been growing among the Indians for a long time. By AD 1857, the stage was set for a massive revolt. Only a spark was needed to set the country ablaze. That spark was provided by as small a thing as a rifle cartridge. The textbook claims that in 1856 the East India Company violated a treaty and moved troops to the city of Lucknow. This annexation was part of the British plan to gain more Indian territory, but it…