Brown Vs Board Of Education Case Study

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Brown vs. Board of Education

This how Brown vs. Board of Education came about in 1857, the Supreme Court denied citizenship to the African-American people, setting the stage for their treatment as second world citizens. The first black school was set under the direction of the Freedmen’s Bureau. One of those schools was Howard University, would eventually train and graduate, the majority of the legal team that overturned Plessy, including Charles Hamilton Houston and Thurgood Marshall. Public schools were segregated and blacks were banned from testifying against whites in court. The Civil Rights Act of 1866 was intended to protect all Americans including blacks.

In 1868 the 14th Amendment was notified and it over ruled the Dred Scott vs. Sanford and it guaranteed that all people born in the United States are citizens to this country and no state can take, away their privileges. In 1873 the Slaughter House case began, pro-segregation states would come to justify their policies that segregation in the school system was an issue. The Civil Rights Act of 1875 says, that public discrimination towards someone is prohibited. In 1883, the civil rights cases started, the court declared that the 14th Amendment does not prohibit discrimination by private individuals or businesses. That
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J.H. Ferguson, judge of section a criminal district court for the Parish of Orleans. Plessy vs. Ferguson established the ‘’separate but equal” the doctrine that would become the constitutional basis segregation. Justice John Marshall Harlan’s argument forced segregation, and labeled African-Americans with the bade of inferiority. The same line of argument would become a decisive factor in Brown vs. Board of Education’s decision. The court argued that there was no evidence in the distribution of public funds, within the discretion of school