Buddhism was one of the five major religions of the classical era. It began in India and quickly spread throughout Asia. Buddhism did not make a huge lasting impression on India but it thrived in China for centuries. These documents show different aspects of Buddhism including its teachings, its popularity, and its reasons for disbelievers. Buddhism taught of enlightenment and worldly pleasures which was very different from the still practiced ways of Confucianism; these differences from Confucianism and many others are reasons for turning against Buddhism. Last year and this year I have spent much time in class discussing the teachings of Buddhism and how these teachings affected the life of the average monk. Document two speaks of the expectations of a monk on the way to achieving Nirvana. Nirvana is described as the extinction of desire and individual consciousness from ones life. This is the ultimate goal of a committed Buddhist in order for him to reach Nirvana. Document one describes the four noble truths of Buddhism, They are the truths of sorrow, arising sorrow, stopping sorrow, and the way that leads to stopping sorrow. The basis of these truths is that everything in life either is or leads to sorrow and the only way to stop sorrow is by removing the presence of pleasure, craving, and passion from ones life. To this a man must surrender all thoughts and possibilities of having a wife and a family, the most basic worldly pleasure. They were to live in a monastery with many other monks who have given their lives for their Buddhist faith and they in prayer and bliss without the presence of pleasure, sorrow or craving. These are the basic teachings and ways of life in the Buddhist religion. Buddhism was widely accepted and practiced in China but some preferred the teaching of Confucius over the Buddhist ways. Document three asks the question, “if Buddhism is the greatest and venerable of ways, why did the great sages of the past and Confucius not practice it?” Many questions regarding the goodness of Buddhism, like this one, were made. The answer to this question was was that not all written works must be those of Confucius. I would infer that the author of this document was fairly neutral in the argument between Buddhism and Confucianism. His point of view seems to be that these religions can coexist in peace without need for speculation or comparison because they are two totally different things. In the document he stated, “to compare the sages to the Buddah would be like comparing a white dear to a unicorn.” By this he meant that though they are similar, two totally different things that need not be compared. Document 5 states that though both Confucius and the Buddah were perfect sages, they each developed individual religions with their own traditions and teachings. It states that the each had different ways of encouraging good deeds, punishing bad, and rewarding good. An interesting document to add to this group would be an evaluation and comparison of Buddhism and Confucianism done by Confucius himself. This would be interesting because not only would you know what Confucius thinks of Buddhism, but how it compares to his beloved Confucian philosophy. Both of these religions worked for the better of the state and toward and orderly society, for this, they each demand a certain amount of respect. For many reasons, including its differences from Confucianism, many people did not approve of Buddhism; document four refers to Buddhism as, “no more than a cult of the barbarian peoples spread to China.” This Confucian scholar believes that Buddhism came into China and took over without so much as conforming to their ancient laws and fashion. I would infer that the author of this document was a strong supporter of the ancient, traditional ways of Chinese law.
Buddhism in China DBQ
From 563 BCE to early 9th century CE, Buddhism incorporated its way into Chinese society. It began as an idea that quickly gained supporters and flowers during the period of 6th century CE. However, with the emergence of the Tang dynasty, Buddhism faced the suppression during the 9th century. From then, it has slowly regained validity and respect, but has not gained the dominance it once had.
Document 1 and 5 represent a neutral perspective on Buddhism. Document 1 introduces…
Those associated with Buddhism seem to imply buddhism would offer great resources,
those associated with confucianism were threatened by Buddhism, and others believed
china could accommodate many philosophies at the same time. A document from a
chinese peasant would help to give us a perspective of someone who didn't have a
non political stance on the spread of buddhism.
Documents 1 and 2, explained why Buddhism should be followed. They explain that by
being a good Buddhist…
Buddhism is one of the most popular religions in Asia and around the world today. It first started in India. Over time it started to spread out as it gained more followers. Today, China is one of the places where Buddhism flourishes, even though there are some who oppose it. Back around the start of Buddhism, when it was reaching China, there was an action similar to this. The people of China either welcomed Buddhism, opposed it, or just agreed to having both Buddhism and Confucianism…
From the beginning of Buddhism to now, it has been compared and critiqued. When it spread it contradicted many well established beliefs and challenged rule. Many people, such as scholars, would come to accept or decline the belief of Buddhism.
The many scholars of China would have different views of Buddhism. In Document 4 it states “Buddhism is no more than a cult of the barbarian peoples spread to China. It did not exist here in ancient times…
Buddhism was gradually bought to China but not all of the Chinese residents accepted these new philosophies because it sharply contradicted with Confucianism, Legalism, and Daoism. Buddhism philosophies are accepted by the lower classes, shot down by higher classes, and many middle classes compare the teachings of Buddhism to other religions that were dominant in this time period.
Buddha preached about four noble truths in his first sermon, and why there are sorrows and how…
Buddhism was founded in India during the sixth century B.C.E. It then at a later
time was brought to China by the first century C.E. and started to win converts after the
collapse of the Han dynasty. Due to the spread of Buddhism in China between 220 C.E.
and 570 C.E. there were both negative and positive responses. Those who obtained
position of high power or distinction were unsatisfied while lower social classes took a
liking toward Buddhism.
In the Han dynasty those who supported Buddhism and looked at it positively…
In China, not everyone had the same opinion on Buddhism. There are anti-Buddhists, Confucianists, and Buddhists. These are all points of view from upper classes; the type of document that is needed is a document that has a point of view from a lower class person.
Anti-Buddhists are people who are against Buddhism. They speak to their dynasty bad about Buddhism and that makes a bad impression to the dynasties. It can also create bad thoughts about Buddhism throughout the dynasty.…
WHAP Review Semester B
More Global Interactions, c. 1450 CE to c. 1750 CE
8.01 The Chinese Empire
During this time, China had two major empires, the Ming from (1368 to 1644) and the Qing from (1644 – 1911)
The Ming achieved scientific and cultural success, particularly in the fields of porcelain and literature, but fell to rebellion
The Qing also had success in its beginning, but became stagnant as the West move forward
8.02 Rise of the Ottomans
This dynasty began in the 1200s and…