The Oxford English Dictionary defines the word Buddhism as Eastern Religion. It is a world religion or philosophy based on the teaching of the Buddha and holding that a state of enlightenment can be attained by suppressing worldly desires. Buddha is an Indian philosopher and the founder of Buddhism, born in Lumbinī, Nepal. He was the son of the head of the Sakya warrior caste, with the private name of Siddhartha, in later life he was known also as Sakyamuni (Sage of the Sakyas). The name Gautama Buddha is a combination of the family name Gautama and the appellation Buddha, meaning “Enlightened One?” Before Buddhism Religion was introduced, Buddha himself was a Hindu. He was grown up and taught Hinduism customs and traditions but for some time in his life, he rejected the Hinduism’s spiritual believes because he taught that one can achieve nirvana by mental effort. Nirvana means ‘extinction’, such as the extinction of all abuses like appetite, hatred and ignorance. The Buddhist view of life consists of, the recognition of the reality of not escaping from suffering and pain in all human existence, the beginning of wisdom is the recognition of the idea that all things are in flux – everything is impermanent and transitory -- nothing lasts, all life is marked by duhka or suffering, everything is without any real enduring individual basis -- there is no permanent soul or self in everything that exists and lastly, there is an eternal reality called nirvana.There are four holy truths via which ordinary life can be connected to nirvana and these are:
All life is suffering (duhkha)
The arising of suffering arises out of craving (.samudaya) or desire (trsna)
There is a cessation of suffering (niroda). .
There is a way (magga) for reaching the final state of relief or nirvana.
Buddha attempts to give us a plan for living as we ought. His four noble truths, eight-fold path and three ways of practice have appealed to millions of people around the world as a religion and as a way of living a good life. Buddhism as you will see is less concerned with a good than it is with good conduct. According to the Buddha human action has moral consequences, consequences which are inescapable, returning upon one whether in this life or another. There is a fundamental moral order. One cannot steal, lie, commit adultery or 'go along the bank of a river unusual, killing, damaging and commanding others to hurt, oppressing and commanding others to oppress', without reaping the consequences. There is an objective moral relationship to which all are subjected. Misdeeds lead to misery in this life or in later lives. The Buddha's teaching was dedicated to actually selfish purpose of self-liberation, being directed to sensitive beings in so far as they are capable of misery and final liberation from misery. But the teaching also touched feeling beings as moral agents, as agents capable of affecting the welfare not only of themselves but of others as well. Some of his teachings seem to treat only personal liberation, others morality, but for the Buddha the two matters were always intimately and necessarily connected.
Buddhism or Buddhist is another type of religion practiced mainly in India and many other Asian countries. Buddhist ethics proclaims that true happiness results from elimination of suffering. We will now discuss in detail the four noble truths and its importance to mankind. We will also look at the teachings or each of the four noble truths and their impact in reducing the spread of HIV/AIDS and corruption in our country. However, Papua New Guinea is described as a Christian country or the majority of its citizens are dominated with Christian believes and understanding. The teaching of Buddhism though may be effective but in other point of view seen as unethical. Relating back to our question, yes the teaching of Buddhism can eventually reduce or decrease the spread