Find definitions for the following terms as they relate to building:
1. A Storey is a space within a building which is situated between one floor and the next floor level above and if there is no floor above the ceiling or roof above.
2. Floor area is in relation to buildings is the total area of all storeys, and in relation to a storey it is the area of all floors measured over the enclosing walls and in relation to a room it is the area measured within the finished surfaces of the walls.
3. Assessment method A method used for determining or establishing that a building solution complies with performance requirements.
4. The perimeter of a building is the external envelope of a building.
5. An unobstructed opening is a glazed area that a person could mistake for an open doorway or clearway and walk into a glazed panel.
6. A cavity is a void in a masonry wall between each leaf of masonry and or adjacent frame.
7. A perpend is a vertical joint between adjacent masonry units.
8. A framing connector is a manufactured connector system for timber joints formed from 1.2mm minimum thickness, galvanised steel and punched nails.
9. A waffle raft is a stiffened raft slab with closely spaced ribs, constructed to the ground and with the slab panels (horizontal) supported between ribs (Vertical).
Check your progress 2
1. What are the purposes of the Objectives of the BCA?
Are to aid interpretation and enable acceptance standards of structural adequacy, safety, health and amenity with buildings.
2. (A) what types of buildings are controlled by Volume One of the BCA?
Mainly deals with class 2 to class 9 buildings such as flats, shared accommodations, caretaker flats, offices, shops, warehouses, factories and public buildings.
(b)What types of buildings are controlled by Volume Two of the BCA?
Deals with class 1 and class 10 buildings manly dwellings and out buildings and is known as the “housing Provisions”
3. Explain the meaning of a Deemed to Satisfy Provision
In the BCA?
Give details about the ways a building may achieve the performance requirements of the BCA. Compliance with the DTS provisions is not mandatory, however if building designers choose to adopt them they are guaranteed that their designs will comply with the BCA.
4. Which Australian states and territories have adopted the BCA?
All states and territories.
Check your progress3
1.What is the difference between a BCA Application Clause and
Limitation Clause? Give examples of each.
An application clause tells you under what circumstances a requirement applies. Whereas a limitation clause advises you that the clause does not apply under certain circumstances.
2.(A) you see an Australian Standard number in a BCA Clause. How do
You find out more details in the BCA about that Standard?
In the table entitled “Schedule of referenced documents” located in Section A of Volume 1or in section 1 of volume 2.
(b)What sort of details are available?
Standard number, year number and amendment dates. BCA clauses in which the standard is referred to is included in volume 1
(c)Is it compulsory to comply with Australian Standards called up by The BCA? Why or why not?
False. Alternative methods to those within an Australian Standard may be adopted when they can be proved to the appeal authority’s satisfaction to be no less effective than those in a standard called up by the BCA DTS provision.
3.(A)in a class 1a dwelling, smoke alarms need not be installed in a Level which doesn't contain bedrooms. True or false?
(b)Smoke alarms must be installed on the ceiling. True or false?
(c)When complying with the prescriptive BCA requirements for Smoke alarms in a Class 1a dwelling, what is the number of the Australian Standard which must be complied with?
(d)In class 1b buildings, smoke alarms must activate lighting to assist Evacuation. True or false?