By Travis Regnier
The Victorian Era
The Victorian era of
reign over Britain from 20
June 1837 until her death, on 22 January 1901. It was a long period of peace, prosperity,
refined sensibilities and national selfconfidence for Britain.
The Victorian era had many effects on canadian culture. Fashion, architecture style,
religious ideas and technology.
Victorian fashion comprises the various fashions and trends in
emerged and developed in the
, roughly 1830s to 1900s. The period saw many changes in fashion, including
changes in clothing, architecture, literature, and the
arts. During this era women's gowns had
wide puffed sleeves. Dresses were simple and pale, and incorporated realistic flower
trimming. Petticoats, corsets, and chemises were worn under gowns. The men wore
tightfitting, calf length
or vest. Men also wore
, with wide
brims in sunny weather.
Architecture was also majorly affected during the early 19th century, the romantic
style was developed as a reaction to the
and such buildings as
were built. By the middle of the 19th century, as a result
, construction was able to incorporate
as a building component; one of
the greatest exponents of this was
, architect of
the Crystal Palace
Queen Victoria was an Anglican which made many people convert and created an
even bigger religious following than before.
Technology advanced greatly in this era. Much of our technology today is based off of
that from this era. The Victorian Era was full of imaginative people who had great ideas on
how to improve living conditions during their life ime. Here is a short list of the things built from
18351900: photograph, paddle steamship, postage stamp, Christmas cards, sewing
machine, underground railway , typewriter, telephone, electric light bulb , motor car , moving
pictures, Xrays , radio . Many of the inventions that we take for granted were created by the
industrious people of the 1800′s. It is hard to imagine that Mr. Tinker was born into a
postColonial world that was similar to the 18th century, but died in an era where the car and
airplane were a common sight.
These are all ways the Victorian era effected Canada and other country’s alike.
The First Nations at this during this time period were also changing, one major one
was Grey owl. Grey Owl was the name Archibald Belaney adopted when he took on a
identity as an adult. Born in England as Archibald Stansfeld Belaney, and migrating to
Canada in the first decade of the 20th century, he rose to prominence as a notable author,
lecturer, and one of the "most effective apostles of the wilderness". In his experiences with the
Indians, Belaney learned the Aboriginal harvesting techniques, trapping, and
culture. The pivotal moment of departure for Grey Owl's early conservation work was when he
began his relationship with a young Iroquois girl named Gertrude Bernard, who assisted in his
transition from trapper to conservationist.
Leading Up Towards Confederation
former colonies and territories
that became involved in the Canadian
Confederation on July 1, 1867, were initially part of
, and were once ruled by
. Nova Scotia was granted in 1621 to
Sir William Alexander